Smallpox Eraducation Programme Archives

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Afghanistan 1971 Vaccines and implements Bifurcated needle Vaccine potency tests

Vaccination

1959. Smallpox vaccination technique. WHO/Smallpox/9.


1960. Smallpox vaccine and vaccination technique. SEA/SPX/Conf 6.
[N Ahmad; Inter-regional Smallpox Conference, New Delhi, India, 14-19 November 1960. ]


1961. Observations on the classification and interpretation of reactions to smallpox vaccination. Bull World Health Org 25(1):7-17.
[RM Cross] PMC

1961. Comparison of dried vaccine with fresh Indian buffalo-calf lymph in revaccination against smallpox. Bull World Health Org 25(1):69-71.
[TL Hobday, AR Rao, CH Kempe, AW Downie] PMC


1963. A comparative study of clinical reaction observed after application of several smallpox vaccines in primary vaccination of young adults. Bull World Health Org 29(3):311-22. PMC
[MF Polak, BJW Beunders, AR van der Werff, EW Sanders, JN van Klaveren, LM Brans; original report: Smallpox/WP/27]


1965. Variolation in Ghana..
[In: Scott D, 1965. Epidemic Disease in Ghana 1901-1960, London, Oxford University Press, pp 83-4.]


1966 and 1967. Memoranda: Sterilization of jet injectors.
[JD Millar. 2 Nov 1966 and 31 May 1967]


1967. Complications of smallpox vaccination. I. National survey in the United States, 1963. New Engl J Med 276 (3), 125-132.
[Neff JM, Lane JM, Pert JH, Moore R, Millar JD, Henderson DA]

1967. Complications of smallpox vaccination United States 1963. II. Results obtained by four statewide surveys.. Pediatrics 39 (6), 916-923.
[Neff JM, Levine RH, Lane JM, Ager EA, Moore H, Rosenstein BJ, Millar JD, Henderson DA]

1967. Field studies with the bifurcated needle. SE/SR/67.2.
[A Rahman; in: Smallpox eradication surveillance report. No. 2, Dec 1967 (not distributed)]

1967. Immunity following vaccination of the newborn. SE/SR/67.2.
[AR Rao; in: Smallpox eradication surveillance report. No. 2, Dec 1967 (not distributed)]


1968. Instructions for smallpox vaccination with bifurcated needle. SE/68.2.

1968. Instructions for smallpox vaccination with bifurcated needle. SE/68.2 Rev 1.

1968. Studies of smallpox vaccination by bifurcated needles in Kenya. SE/68.7.
[ID Ladnyi]


1969. Notes on variolation.
[GF Glokpor. Joint WHO/USAID/NCDC Seminar on Smallpox Eradication and Measles Control in Western and Central Africa. Lagos, Nigeria, 13-20 May 1969. NCDC, The SEP Report, Vol IV, No 1. Proceedings - Part I]

1969. Comparative advantages of jet injectors and bifurcated needles.
[GF Glokpor. Joint WHO/USAID/NCDC Seminar on Smallpox Eradication and Measles Control in Western and Central Africa. Lagos, Nigeria, 13-20 May 1969. NCDC, The SEP Report, Vol IV, No 2. Proceedings - Part II]

1969. Smallpox vaccination by intradermal jet injection. 1. Introduction, background and results of pilot studies. Bull World Health Org 41(6): 749-760.
[Millar JD, Roberto RR, Wulff H, Wenner HA, Henderson DA] PMC

1969. Smallpox vaccination techniques. WER 15:249.
[11 Apr 1969]


1970. Smallpox Surveillance Report: Variolation. No. 37. Reprinted from: WER 6:65-71.
[06 Feb 1970]

1970. Vaccination of hospitalized patients and newborns: Contraindications to vaccination. SE/WP/70.16 (same as WHO/SE/71.30 p208-17 and SE/71.2 (French version only)).
[AR Rao; Inter-Regional Seminar on Surveillance and Assessment in Smallpox Eradication, New Delhi, India, 30 Nov-5 Dec 1970]

1970. The efficacy and acceptability of the bifurcated needle technique: a summary of studies conducted in India. WHO/SE/70.16.

1970. Tools and techniques in smallpox vaccination. Extracted from WHO/SE/71.30 p223-8 (same as SE/71.4 (French version only)).
[E Shafa; Inter-Regional Seminar on Surveillance and Assessment in Smallpox Eradication, New Delhi, 30 Nov-5 Dec 1970]

c. 1970? Response to late revaccination and to primary vaccination. Multiple pressure and jet injection.
[CDC; Photographic comparison]


1971. Smallpox. WHO/SE/71.28.
[DA Henderson; Text of manuscript submitted for incorporation in the 10th edition of Rosenau, Preventive Medicine and Public Health]


1972. Neo-natal vaccination. SE/WP/72.1.
[V Kapali; Inter-Country Seminar on Surveillance in Smallpox Eradication, New Delhi, India, 30 October - 2 November 1972]

1972. A comparison of multiple pressure and scratch techniques in vaccination against smallpox. SE/72.4.
[AS Benenson]

1972. Studies of the bifurcated needle and recommendations for its use. SE/72.5.
[DA Henderson, I Arita, E Shafa]

1972. Smallpox vaccination in atopic children. WHO/SE/72.39.
[JM Neff]

1972. Smallpox vaccination reactions, prophylaxis and therapy of complications. WHO/SE/72.46.
[JA Goldstein, JM Neff, JM Lane]

1972. Follow-up study of smallpox vaccination in the newborn. WHO/SE/72.47.
[U Lakhanpal]


1973. Smallpox vaccination before the age of 3 months: evaluation of safety. WHO/SE/73.56.
[JÅ Espmark, E Rabo, L Heller]


1974. Vaccinia infections. WER 19:169.
[United Kingdom. 10 May 1974]

1974. Smallpox and vaccinia. WER 39:326-9.
[United States. 27 Sep 1974]


1975. Eczema vaccinatum and vaccinia. WER 36:313-4.
[United Kingdom. 5 Sep 1975]


1976. Contribution to the problem of challenge vaccination. WHO/SE/76.87.
[V Zikmund, N Das, R Krishnayengar, B Kameswara Rao]

1976: Report 1 — Record of interview with a variolator, Jalalabad, Afghanistan. 25 Nov 1976
[DA Henderson]

1976. Variolation in Punjab. PAK/PUN/WP/76.12
[Ch. Ismat Ullah. International Commission for the Certification of Smallpox Eradication in Pakistan.]


1979. Adverse reactions to smallpox vaccination. WER 36:276-7
[Australia and United States. 7 Sep 1979]

1979. Adverse reactions to smallpox vaccination. WER 43:330.
[United Kingdom and Kuwait; Editorial note. 26 Oct 1979]


1980. Complications of smallpox vaccination. WER 35:271.
[Three reports of complications in Manitoba, Canada. 29 Aug 1980.]

Immunology

1952. Report of the Consultative Group on Laboratory Investigation of Dried Smallpox Vaccine. WHO/Smallpox/3.
[Consultative Group on Laboratory Investigation of Dried Smallpox Vaccine, 23-25 June 1952]


1956. Laboratory and vaccine studies with dried smallpox vaccines. WHO/Smallpox/5.
[WC Cockburn, RM Cross, AW Downie, KR Dumbell, C Kaplan. D McClean, AMM Payne]


1957. The keeping quality of smallpox vaccine. WHO/Smallpox/6.
[JO Irwin]

1957. Studies with dried and glycerinated smallpox vaccines of full and diminished potencies. WHO/Smallpox/8.
[RM Cross, C Kaplan, D McLean]


1958. Studies with dried and glycerinated smallpox vaccines of full and diminished potencies. Bull World Health Org 19(1):123-8.
[RM Cross, C Kaplan, D McClean] PMC


1959. A study of the immunogenicity of smallpox vaccines. Bull World Health Org 20(6):1099-110.
[VD Soloviev, YN Mastyukova] PMC

1959. Titration of smallpox vaccines from ten countries sent to East Pakistan during the 1958 smallpox epidemic. Bull World Health Org 20(6):1260-3 [notes].
[SP Wang, JT Grayston] PMC


1960. Titration of vaccinia virus by intravenous injection of chick embryos. Bull World Health Org 22(3-4):393-7.
[C Kaplan] PMC

1960. Kinetics of deterioration of smallpox vaccine. Bull World Health Org 22(3-4):435-7 [notes].
[NH Fisek] PMC


1962. Relationship between pock counts on chorioallantoic membrane and percentages of "takes" in primary vaccination of human beings with two smallpox vaccines. Bull World Health Org 27(3):311-6.
[MF Polak, LM Brans, BJW Beunders, AR van der Werrf] PMC


1964. The relation between potency of vaccine used in smallpox vaccination and immunity produced. Smallpox/WP/9.
[MF Polak; Expert Committee on Smallpox, Geneva, 14-20 January 1964]

1964. Correlation between antibody levels and vaccination reaction. Smallpox/WP/15.
[AS Benenson; Expert Committee on Smallpox, Geneva, 14-20 January 1964]

1964. Immunity in relation to the number of insertions. Smallpox/WP/21.
[AS Benenson; Expert Committee on Smallpox, Geneva, 14-20 January 1964]

1964. Comparative study of the virus neutralising antibody levels and types of skin reaction in smallpox revaccinated persons. Smallpox/WP/25.
[IA Svet-Moldavskaya, SS Marennikova, EM Akatova-Shelukhina, ZI Ogorodnikova; Expert Committee on Smallpox, Geneva, 14-20 January 1964]


1972. Evaluation of virological laboratory methods for smallpox diagnosis. [Title page only]. SE/WP/72/6.
[JH Nakano; Inter-Country Seminar on Surveillance in Smallpox Eradication. New Delhi, India, 30 Oct - 2 Nov 1972]


1973. A possible relationship between human pathogenicity of smallpox vaccines and virus growth at elevated temperatures. WHO/SE/73.61.
[D Baxby]


2007. Brazilian vaccinia viruses and their origins. Emerg Infect Dis 13(7): 965-72
[GS Trindade, GL Emerson, DS Carroll, EG Kroon, IK Damon]

Vaccine Production

1950. Studies on the effect of penicillin and streptomycin on vaccine lymph (calf lymph) under different conditions. WHO/Smallpox/2.
[VN Krishnamurthy]


1955. Production method of smallpox vaccine at the Michigan State Laboratories, Lansing, USA. WHO/Smallpox/4.


1957. A stable dried smallpox vaccine. Summary of the method of preparation based on methods described by Collier. WHO/Smallpox/7.


1959. Requirements for biological substances. 5. Requirements for smallpox vaccine. Report of a study group. WHO Techn Rep Ser No. 180.
[Report of a study group; Study Group for Requirements for Smallpox Vaccine]


1960. A stable dried smallpox vaccine, method used at the Lister Institute. WHO/Smallpox/7 Rev 1.

1960. Freeze-dried smallpox vaccine production. WHO/Smallpox/16.
[PD Meers; Course on Freeze-Dried Smallpox Vaccine Production. Yaba, Nigeria, 14-26 November 1960]


1961. A stable dried smallpox vaccine. Description of the method used at the Lister Institute of Preventive Medicine, Elstree, Herts, England. WHO/Smallpox/7 Rev 2.

1961. Freeze-dried smallpox vaccine production. WHO/Smallpox/18.
[PD Meers; Course on Freeze-Dried Smallpox Vaccine Production. Bangkok, Thailand, 6-17 November 1961]

1961. Improvements in the rabbit scarification method for the assay of smallpox vaccine. Bull World Health Org 25(1):19-24.
[RW Kolb, CB Cox, HT Aylor] PMC

1961. A comparison of the rabbit scarification technique with titrations in cell cultures for the potency assay of smallpox vaccine. Bull World Health Org 25(1):25-32.
[RW Kolb, EC Hutchins, WP Jones, HT Aylor] PMC

1961. Cultivation of vaccinia virus in sheep kidney cell cultures. Bull World Health Org 25(1):33-40.
[P Subramanyam, S Divakaran, P Vindoraj] PMC


1963. The international reference preparation of smallpox vaccine. An international collaborative assay. Smallpox/WP/28 (Bull World Health Org 29(3):299-309.
[P Krag, M Weis Bentzon]


1964. Smallpox vaccines. Smallpox/WP/10.
[C Kaplan; Expert Committee on Smallpox, Geneva, 14-20 January 1964]

1964. A comparison of vaccinia virus strains used for production in various countries. Smallpox/WP/16.
[SS Marennikova, NN Nal'ceva; Expert Committee on Smallpox, Geneva, 14-20 January 1964]

1964. The composition of genetically heterogeneous smallpox vaccines and methods of purifying them. Smallpox/WP/23.
[SS Marennikova, JZ Genden, NN Nal'ceva, FB Genkins, VI Čornos; Expert Committee on Smallpox, Geneva, 14-20 January 1964]


1966. Manufacturing establishments and control laboratories. Smallpox vaccine. WHO Techn Rep Ser No. 323.
[Report of the WHO Expert Group on Requirements for Biological Substances]


1968. Methodology of freeze-dried smallpox vaccine production (rev). SE/68.3 Rev 2.
[Traveling Seminar on Vaccine Production. Mar 1968]

1968. Table for handling of animals during scarification and harvest (specifications). SE/68.9.


1969. Freeze-dried vaccine for the smallpox eradication programme. Proceedings 39-50.
[Arita I, Henderson DA; Symposium on Smallpox, Yugoslav Academy of Sciences and Arts, Zagreb, 2-3 Sep 1969]


1970. Vaccine production, storage and handling. SE/WP/70.17 (same as WHO/SE/71.30 p219-22 and SE/71.3 (French version only).
[DA Henderson; Inter-Regional Seminar on Surveillance and Assessment in Smallpox Eradication, New Delhi, India, 30 Nov-5 Dec 1970]


1972. Potency testing of smallpox vaccine. WHO/SE/72.43.
[AC Hekker, JM Bos]

1972. Potency and stability characteristics of smallpox vaccine used in the smallpox eradication programme in Western and West-central Africa. WHO/SE/72.49.
[A Bernstein, MZ Bierly Jr. International Symposium on Smallpox Vaccine, Bilthoven, The Netherlands, 11-13 Oct 1972. Also published in RH Regamey, H Cohen (eds). Symp Series Immunobiol Stand 19:157-165. 1973]