logo Home Big Red Book Memoirs & More Resources About
Documents: Smallpox: The Disease

Clinical Features and Epidemiology

Year Title Authors Source URL
1945 Ocular complications in smallpox Sen K Ind Med Gaz 1945 80(4):181-3 PMCID: PMC5218354
1960 Epidemiological considerations of smallpox control
Inter-Regional Smallpox Conference. New Delhi, India, 14-19 Nov 1960
Soewondo R SEA/SPX/Conf 3
1964 Expert Committee on Smallpox. Geneva, Switzerland, 14-20 January 1964
– Factors involved in transmission of smallpox and duration of immunity CW Dixon Smallpox/WP/7 WHO: 10665/67697
– A study of 240 cases of haemorrhagic smallpox Rao AR Smallpox/WP/22 WHO: 10665/67676
1966 Smallpox: Mild and severe Sarkar JK Bull Calcutta Sch Trop Med 1966 14(2):57-8
1966 Smallpox: Its severity and mildness J Indian Med Assoc 1966 47(3):139-40
1967 Effects of malnutrition on smallpox and yellow fever vaccination. Review Nutr Rev 1967 25(4):108-10 DOI: 10.1111/j.1753-4887.1967.tb05593.x
1967 Age distribution of patients in endemic smallpox. II. Roberts CJ Cent Afr J Med 1967 13(3):61-2
1967 The clinical features of smallpox, 3 Roberts CJ Cent Afr J Med 1967 13(4):88-95
1968 A study of immunity to smallpox in persons who have experienced a previous attack Vichniakov VE Bull WHO 1968 39(3):433-7 PMCID: PMC2554405
1968 Epidemiological studies in smallpox. A study of intrafamilial transmission in a series of 254 infected families Rao AR, Jacob ES, Kamalakshi S, Appaswamy S, Bradbury Indian J Med Res 1968 56(12):1826-54 DAH: Chesney Med Arch
1969 Joint WHO/CDC/USAID Seminar on Smallpox Eradication and Measles Control in Western and Central Africa. Lagos, Nigeria, 13-20 May 1969
Epidemiology of smallpox in West and Central Africa Foege WH CDC, SEP Report IV(1):29-35a
Persistence of smallpox in remote unvaccinated villages Imperato P, Sow O, LaPointe M, Vastine D, Leonard TA CDC, SEP Report IV(1):47-51
Associated with exposure at a funeral ceremony: Smallpox outbreak, Yawei Chiefdom, Kailahun District, Sierra Leone Cummings EC, Hopkins DR, Thornton JN CDC, SEP Report IV(1):52-4
Role of migrant groups in the transmission of smallpox in Mali Sow O CDC, SEP Report IV(1):55-6
A study of smallpox in the Tuaregs in Tahoua, Niger Masso AR CDC, SEP Report IV(1):57-8
1969 Smallpox and the density of susceptible persons in Matlab, East Pakistan Arita I WP/14
1969 Smallpox transmission in Southern Dahomey. A study of a village outbreak Henderson RH, Yekpe M Am J Epidemiol 1969 90(5):423-8 DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a121088
1969 Smallpox in a border area WHO Chron 1969 23(8):379-82
1970 An airborne outbreak of smallpox in a German hospital and its significance with respect to other recent outbreaks in Europe
Joint Conference on Infectious Disease. Soc for the Study of Infect Dis (Scotland) and Infect Dis Soc of America, Edinburgh & Glasgow, 14-18 Sep 1970
Wehrle PF, Posch J, Richter KH, Henderson DA Bull WHO 1970 43(5):669-79 PMCID: PMC2427800
1970 Airborne transmission of smallpox WHO Chron 1970 24(7):311-5
1971 A study of inapparent infection in smallpox. Heiner GG, Fatima N, Daniel RW, Cole JL, Anthony RL, McCrumb FR, Jr WHO/SE/71.26 WHO: 10665/67484
1971 Epidemiology of variola minor in Brazil based on a study of 33 outbreaks de Quadros CA, Morris L, da Costa EA, Arnt N, Tigre CH WHO/SE/71.32
and Bull WHO 1972 46(2):165-71
WHO: 10665/67490
PMCID: PMC2480711
1971 A study of intrafamilial transmission of smallpox Heiner GG, Fatima N, McCrumb FR, Jr. WHO/SE/71.33
and Am J Epidemiol 1971 94(4):316-26
WHO: 10665/67491
DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a121326
1971 Endemic smallpox in rural East Pakistan. I. Methodology, clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of cases, and intervillage transmission Thomas DB, McCormack WM, Arita I, Khan MM, Islam S, Mack TM WHO/SE/71.24
and Am J Epidemiol 1971 93(5):361-72
WHO: 10665/67482
DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a121269
1971 Endemic smallpox in rural East Pakistan. II. Intervillage transmission and infectiousness Thomas DB, Arita I, McCormack WM, Khan MM, Islam S, Mack TM WHO/SE/71.25
and Am J Epidemiol 1971 93(5):373-83
WHO: 10665/67483
DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a121270
1971 Smallpox in children. A clinical study of 100 cases Sheth SC, Maruthi V, Tibrewala NS, Pai PM Indian J Pediatr 1971 38(278):128-31 DOI:10.1007/BF02751409
1971 The transmission pattern of smallpox in Eastern Mali Fofana B, Imperato PJ, Nedvideck J Acta Trop 1971 28(2):175-9
1972 Epidemiology of smallpox in West Pakistan. III. Outbreak detection and interlocality transmission Thomas DB, Mack TM, Ali A, Muzaffar Khan M Am J Epidemiol 1972 95(2):178-89
[Reprinted in Am J Epidemiol 1995 141(6):490-501]
DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a121383
[DOI: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a117463]
1972 Clinical smallpox: Classification and frequency of type of variola major Rao AR SE/72.1 WHO: 10665/68028
1972 Incubation period of smallpox Downie AW SE/72.3 WHO: 10665/68033
1972 Clinical stages of smallpox, chickenpox, herpes
Inter-Country Training Course in the Laboratory Diagnosis of Smallpox. WHO, New Delhi, 23-31 Oct 1972
Rao AR SE/WP/72.22b WHO: 10665/68110
1972 Pattern of transmission: Relative significance of cases of varying severity Rao AR SE/72.2 WHO: 10665/68032
1972 Case fatality ratios in smallpox Shafa E WHO/SE/72.35 WHO: 10665/67493
1972 Infected inanimate objects (fomites) and their role in transmission of smallpox Rao AR WHO/SE/72.40 WHO: 10665/67501
1973 Role of mosquitoes in the spread of smallpox Sarkar JK, Hati AK, Mitra AC J Infect Dis 1973 128(6): 781-3 DOI: 10.1093/infdis/128.6.781
1975 Pattern of intrafamilial transmission of smallpox in Calcutta, India Mukherjee MK, Sarkar JK, Mitra AC WHO/SE/75.73
and Bull WHO 1974 51(3):219-25
WHO: 10665/68172
PMCID: PMC2366277
1975 Epidemiological implications of the typing of variola isolates Dumbell KR, Huq F WHO/SE/75.74
and Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 1975 69(3):303-8
WHO: 10665/68174
DOI: 10.1016/0035-9203(75)90123-6
1975 Clinical observations on smallpox: a study of 1233 patients admitted to the Infectious Diseases Hospital, Calcutta, during 1973 Guha Mazumder DN, Mitra AC, Mukherjee MK Bull WHO 1975 52(3):301-6 PMCID: PMC2366378
1977 Problem of persistence of facial pockmarks among smallpox patients Ježek Z, Basu RN, Arya ZS WHO/SE/77.97
and Indian J Public Health 1978 22(1):95-101
WHO: 10665/68222
1978 Smallpox facial pockmarks [photographs] SME/78.2
1978 Fatality, facial scarring and blindness from smallpox in Bangladesh Hughes K WHO/SE/78.101 WHO: 10665/68229
1979 A study of smallpox transmission rate in Bangladesh Tulloch J, Tarantola D SME/79.1 WHO: 10665/68311
1979 Smallpox: clinical types, causes of death, and treatment Koplan JP, Foster SO J Infect Dis 1979 140(3):440-1 DOI: 10.1093/infdis/140.3.440
1995 Invited commentary on Epidemiology of smallpox in West Pakistan. III. Outbreak detection and interlocality transmission. Henderson DA. Am J Epidemiol 1995 141(6):489
[See Am J Epidemiol 1995 141(6):490-501]
1999 Smallpox: clinical and epidemiologic features Henderson DA Emerg Infect Dis 1999 5(4):537-9 DOI: 10.3201/eid0504.990415
PMCID: PMC2627742
2001 WER. Smallpox WHO Wkly Epidemol Rec 2001 Nov 2 76(44):337-44 WHO: 10665/231685