Smallpox Eraducation Programme Archives

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Confluent smallpox Lesions in recovery Facial scarsFacial scars and blindness.

Clinical Features

1961. Air sampling to recover variola virus in the environment of a smallpox hospital. Bull World Health Org 25(1):63-7. PMC
[G Meiklejohn, CH Kempe, AW Downie, TO Berge, L St Vincent, AR Rao]


1964. Factors involved in transmission of smallpox and duration of immunity. Smallpox/WP/7.
[CW Dixon; Expert Committee on Smallpox, Geneva, 14-20 January 1964]

1964. A study of 240 cases of haemorrhagic smallpox. Smallpox/WP/22.
[AR Rao; Expert Committee on Smallpox, Geneva, 14-20 January 1964]


1967. A pilot assessment project—Kano, Nigeria. SE/SR/67.2.
[EA Smith, PO Adeoye, CJ Jones; in: Smallpox eradication surveillance report. No. 2, Dec 1967 (not distributed)]

1967. Assessment by market surveys—Upper Volta, Ivory Coast. SE/SR/67.2.
[CDC; in: Smallpox eradication surveillance report. No. 2, Dec 1967 (not distributed)]

1967. Assessment survey—Laos. SE/SR/67.2.
[T Phetsiriseng, S Falkland; in: Smallpox eradication surveillance report. No. 2, Dec 1967 (not distributed)]


1971. A study of inapparent infection in smallpox. WHO/SE/71.26.
[GG Heiner, N Fatima, RW Daniel, JL Cole, RL Anthony, FR McCrumb Jr]

1971. Smallpox. WHO/SE/71.28.
[DA Henderson; Text of manuscript submitted for incorporation in the 10th edition of Rosenau, Preventive Medicine and Public Health]

1971. Epidemiology of variola minor in Brazil: a study of 33 outbreaks. WHO_SE_71-32.
[CA de Quadros, L Morris, EA da Costa, N Arnt, CH Tigre; Later published in Bull World Health Org 46(2): 165-171, 1972]

1971. A study of intrafamilial transmission of smallpox. WHO_SE_71-33.
[GG Heiner, N Fatima, FR McCrumb Jr]


1972. Clinical smallpox: classification and frequency of type of variola major. SE/72.1.
[AR Rao]

1972. Incubation period of smallpox. SE/72.3.
[AW Downie]

1972. Virus excretion in the throat, urine and conjunctiva of smallpox cases. SE/WP/72.11.
[JK Sarkar, AC Mitra, MK Mukherjee, S De, DG Mazumdar; Inter-Country Seminar on Surveillance in Smallpox Eradication, New Delhi, India, 30 October - 2 November 1972]

1972. Problems of smallpox diagnosis. SE/WP/72.17.
[J Zacharias; Inter-Country Seminar on Surveillance in Smallpox Eradication, New Delhi, India, 30 Oct - 2 Nov 1972]

1972. Clinical stages of smallpox, chickenpox, herpes. SE/WP/72.22.
[AR Rao; Inter-Country Seminar on Surveillance in Smallpox Eradication, New Delhi, India, 30 Oct - 2 Nov 1972]

1972. Persistence of facial scars of smallpox in West African populations. WHO/SE/72.34.
[SO Foster]

1972. Case fatality ratios in smallpox. WHO/SE/72.35.
[E Shafa]

1972. Infected inanimate objects (fomites) and their role in transmission of smallpox. WHO/SE/72.40.
[AR Rao]


1975. Epidemiological implications of the typing of variola isolates. WHO/SE/75.74.
[KR Dumbell, F Huq]


1978.Smallpox facial pockmarks [photographs]. SME/78.2.


1979. A study of smallpox transmission rate in Bangladesh. SME/79.1.
[J Tulloch, D Tarantola]


2001. Smallpox. WER 44:337-44.
[2 Nov 2001]

Laboratory Diagnosis and Virology

1961. Studies on the virus content of mouth washings in the acute phase of smallpox. Bull World Health Org 25(1):49-53.
[AW Downie, L St Vincent, G Meiklejohn, NR Ratakannan, AR Rao, GNV Krishnan, CH Kempe] PMC

1961. Studies of smallpox antibody levels of sera from samples of the vaccinated adult population of Madras. Bull World Health Org 25(1):55-61.
[AW Downie, TL Hobday, L St Vincent, CH Kempe] PMC

1961. The laboratory differentiation between variola major and variola minor. Bull World Health Org 25(1):73-8.
[KR Dumbell, HS Bedson, E Rossier] PMC


1963. Smallpox. Observations on the reliability of rapid electron microscopic diagnosis. WHO/Smallpox/19.
[D Peters, G Nielsen, ME Bayer]


1964. Laboratory aspects. Smallpox/WP/2.
[AW Downie; Expert Committee on Smallpox, Geneva, 14-20 January 1964]

1964. Bleeding and coagulation studies in smallpox and chicken-pox, Madras, India, 1962-63. Smallpox/WP/5.
[CH Kempe; Expert Committee on Smallpox, Geneva, 14-20 January 1964]

1964. The viruses of variola major, variola minor and atypical strains. Smallpox/WP/14.
[AW Downie; Expert Committee on Smallpox, Geneva, 14-20 January 1964]


1968. Appendix I. The development of smallpox laboratory diagnostic services
[Meeting of Regional Advisers on Smallpox Eradication. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 3-10 Apr 1968. DA Henderson personal papers]


1971. Results of virological examination of smallpox convalescents and contacts. WHO/SE/71.31.
[EM Shelukhina, SS Marennikova, NN Maltzeva, GR Matzevich, AA Hashmi]


1972. The role of the diagnostic laboratory. SE/WP/72(6).
[DA Henderson; Inter-Country Seminar on Surveillance in Smallpox Eradication, New Delhi, India, 30 October - 2 November 1972]

1972. Evaluation of virological laboratory methods for smallpox diagnosis. SE/WP/72.6. [Title page only]
[JH Nakano; Inter-Country Seminar on Surveillance in Smallpox Eradication, New Delhi, India, 30 October - 2 November 1972]

1972. Evaluation of virological laboratory methods for smallpox diagnosis. WHO/SE/72.44.
[JH Nakano]


1973. Manual of clinical microbiology: chapter, smallpox, vaccinia and human monkeypox viruses. SE/73.2.
[JH Nakano, PG Bingham]


1974. Virus content of smallpox scabs on different days of illness. WHO/SE/74.70.
[AC Mitra, JK Sarkar, MK Mukherjee]


1977. Viability of variola virus in crusts at different temperatures and humidities. WHO/SE/77.93.
[F Huq]


1979. Smallpox surveillance. WER 11:85.
[Collection and testing of specimens. 16 Mar 1979]

Therapy and Prophylaxis

1961. The use of vaccinia hyperimmune gammaglobulin in the prophylaxis of smallpox. Bull World Health Org 25(1):41-8.
[CH Kempe, C Bowles, G Meiklejohn, TO Berge, L St Vincent, BVS Babu, S Govindarajan, NR Ratnakannan, AW Downie, VR Murthy] PMC


1962. The chemotherapy of variola major infection. Bull World Health Org 26(6), 727-32.
[DJ Bauer, KR Dumbell, P Foxhulme, PW Sadler] PMC

1962. Prophylactic effect of antivaccinia gamma globulin against post-vaccinial hepatitis. Bull World Health Org 27(3), 317-24.
[W Nanning] PMC

1962. The use of hyperimmune antivaccinia gammaglobulin for the prevention and treatment of smallpox. Bull World Health Org 27(3), 325-330.
[SS Marennikova] PMC


1964. Chemoprophylaxis and chemotherapy. Smallpox/WP/3.
[AW Downie, CH Kempe; Expert Committee on Smallpox, Geneva, 14-20 January 1964]

1964. The use of vaccinia hyperimmune gamma-globulin in the prophylaxis of smallpox. Smallpox/WP/4.
[CH Kempe; Expert Committee on Smallpox, Geneva, 14-20 January 1964]

1964. Hyperimmune antivaccinia gamma globulin from animal sera. Smallpox/WP/24.
[SS Marennikova, EM Akatova-Shelukhina, NN Maltseva, PB Ghenkina, VN Milushkin, FL Miniovich; Expert Committee on Smallpox, Geneva, 14-20 January 1964]


1971. Field trials of methisazone as a prophylactic agent against smallpox. WHO/SE/71.29.
[GG Heiner, N Fatima, PK Russell, AT Hasse, N Ahmad, N Mohammed, DB Thomas, TM Mack, MM Khan, GL Knatterud, RL Anthony, FR McCrumb Jr; Later published in Am j epidemiol 94: 435-49, 1972.]