Smallpox Eraducation Programme Archive

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Summary

Year Title Authors Journal
1970Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 48, 9 Oct 1970
Europe
Smallpox unit, WHOWER 45(41):453-8PDF
1970 An airborne outbreak of smallpox in a German hospital and its significance with respect to other recent outbreaks in Europe PF Wehrle, J Posch, KH Richter, DA Henderson Bull World Health Organ 1970 43(5):669-79 OPEN
1972Smallpox in Europe, 1950-1971Mack TMJ Infect Dis 1972 125(2):161-9
1974 Importations of smallpox into Europe 1961-1973 DA Henderson WHO/SE/74.62 PDF

Country Year Importations Cases Deaths Mortality Rate
Belgium 1961
1968
Total
1
1
2
1
1
2
1
-
1
100%
-
50%
Czechoslovakia 1967 1 1 - -
Denmark 1970 1 2 1 50%
East Germany 1959 1 1 - -
Germany 1958-59
1961
1965
1967
1969
Total
1
3
1
2
1
8
20
43
2
3
20
88
2
4
-
-
4
10
10%
9%
-
-
20%
11%
Poland 1962
1963
Total
1
1
2
33
100
133
-
7
7
-
7%
5%
Spain 1961 1 17 3 18%
Sweden 1962 1 27 4 15%
Switzerland 1963 1 1 - -
United Kingdom






Laboratory-associated
1959
1960
1961
1962
1967
1968
1973
1978
Total
1
1
3
3
1
1
1
1
12
1
1
19
51
2
1
1
2
77
-
-
7
19
-
-
-
1
27
-
-
37%
37%
-
-
-
50%
35%
USSR 1959
1961
Total
2
2
4
47
2
49
3
-
3
6%
-
6%
Yugoslavia 1972 1 176 35 20%
Total 35 574 91 16%

Canada

Year Title Authors Journal
1965Smallpox control in CanadaBest EW, Davies JWCan Med Assoc J 1965 92:1247-52OPEN

Czechoslovakia

Importations and outbreaks (1959-1974):

1. Mar 1967, Prague, by air from India. 1 case (survived)


Year Title Authors Journal
1967WER. Importation. Returning air crew. First case reported since 1925WHOWER 17 Mar 1967 42(11):141-2PDF
1968[Analysis of the measures taken in a case of smallpox introduced into Czechoslovakia]. CzechKrásná V, Balâková D Cesk Epidemiol Mikrobiol Imunol 1968 17(4):217-24
1976Measures for smallpox eradication in the Czech countries at the beginning of the 19th century Raška KInt J Epidemiol 1976 5(3):227-9
1981[Contribution of Czechoslovak health services to the world-wide eradication of smallpox]. CzechJežek Z, Serý VCesk Zdrav 1981 29(5):191-7

Germany (Federal Republic)

Year Title Authors Journal
Importation in Regensburg, Feb 1967
1967WER. Importation: Regensburg. Returning tourist. Actions takenWHOWER 17 Mar 1967 42(11):141-2PDF
1968[Smallpox in Regensburg. A clinical and epidemiological analysis of 2 patients]. GermanEpp C, Schopp WDtsch Med Wochenschr 1968 93(9):384-7
Importation in Hanover, Mar 1967
1967 WER. Importation: Hanover. Returning researcherWHOWER 31 Mar 1967 42(13):162PDF
1967 WER. Importation: Hanover updateWHOWER 7 Apr 1967 42(14):175PDF
Epidemic in Meschede, Dec 1969-Feb 1970
1970WER. Importation: Meschede. Returnee from Pakistan. Actions taken.WHOWER 23 Jan 1970 45(4):41PDF
1970WER. Importation: Meschede update. 2 confirmed, 1 suspected secondary cases; one deathWHOWER 30 Jan 1970 45(5):47PDF
1970Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 37, 6 Feb 1970
Outbreak: Meschede, Germany: 15 secondary cases, 2 deaths
Smallpox unit, WHOWER 45(6):65-71PDF
1970Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 38, 27 Feb 1970
Outbreak update: Meschede, Germany
Smallpox unit, WHOWER 45(9):93-8PDF
1970Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 40, 17 Apr 1970
Importation: Germany
Smallpox unit, WHOWER 45(16):177-85PDF
1970Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 42, 4 Jun 1970
Outbreak: Meschede, Germany
Smallpox unit, WHOWER 45(23):249-56PDF
1970[Smallpox outbreak in Meschede. Preliminary report]. GermanRichter KH, Ippen HArch Hyg Bakteriol 1970 154(1):88-9
1970 An airborne outbreak of smallpox in a German hospital and its significance with respect to other recent outbreaks in Europe Wehrle PF, Posch J, Richter KH, Henderson DA Bull World Health Organ 1970 43(5):669-79 OPEN
1970Airborne transmission of smallpoxBr Med J 1970 4(5728):127OPEN
1971The epidemiological observations made in the two smallpox outbreaks in the land of North Rhine-Westphalia, 1962 at Simmerath (Eifel region) and 1970 at MeschedeRichter MKBull Soc Pathol Exot Filiales 1971 64(5):775-7
1971The recent outbreak of smallpox in Meschede, West GermanyGelfand HM, Posch JAm J Epidemiol 1971 93(4):234-237
1973[Two cases of smallpox in Hanover (1967 and 1972): clinical features, epidemiology, and laboratory diagnosis]. GermanHöpken W, Willers H, Knocke KW, Olberding P, Liess B, Petzold K, Laufs R, Raub HWDtsch Med Wochenschr 1973 98(12):587-93
Vaccination and Vaccination Policy
1969[Smallpox vaccination 1961-1965 and postvaccinal complications 1946-1966 in the land of North-Rhine-Westphalia]. GermanTrüb CL, Ehlers FArch Hyg Bakteriol 1969 153(4):354-65
1972[Smallpox vaccination. Consequences of recommendations of the Federal Institute of Public Health in various states]. GermanSeeber ETher Ggw 1972 111(3):382-8
1975[New regulations for compulsory smallpox vaccination. Decision of the plenary session of the Federal Health Council on November 25 and 26, 1974]. GermanDtsch Krankenpflegez 1975 28(4):173-4

Mexico

Year Title Authors Journal
1965[Smallpox in Mexico]. SpanishMoreno Valle RSalud Publica Mex 1965 7(2):149-54OPEN
1965[Smallpox - a constant menace]
World Health Day address, 7 April 1965. Spanish
Coll HASalud Publica Mex 1965 7(2):283-6OPEN
1969[Susceptibility to smallpox in the marginal population of the Distrito Federal]. SpanishCalderón E, Larios G, Gómez D, Heredia A, Vanzzini V, Genera YSalud Publica Mex 1969 11(1):53-60OPEN
1977[The 25th anniversary of smallpox eradication in Mexico. III. From the independence (1821) till the eradication]. SpanishErosa-Barbachano AGac Med Mex 1977 113(12):560-2

Poland

Year Title Authors Journal
Epidemic in Gdansk 1962
1965[Smallpox epidemic in Gdansk in 1962]. PolishBincer J, Wysoczyńska H, Trzaska BPrzegl Epidemiol 1965 19(4):421-31
Epidemic in Wroclaw 1963
1965 [The peripheral blood picture in complications after smallpox vaccinations in 1963]. PolishMigdalska-KassurowaPrzegl Epidemiol 1965 19:75-81
1965[Difficulties in the morphologic diagnosis of smallpox during the Wrocław epidemic in 1963]. PolishCywicki J, Reck JPrzegl Epidemiol 1965 19(2):168-70
1965[Mass smallpox vaccinations in Poland in 1963 and the epidemic situation of viral hepatitis]. PolishKulesza A, Kacprzak M, Milewska LPrzegl Epidemiol 1965 19(3):321-30
1965[Laboratory diagnosis of smallpox during the 1963 epidemic in Poland]. PolishMészáros J, Fidziańska E, Kreska BPrzegl Epidemiol 1965 19(3):335-46
1965[Impressions from the smallpox epidemic 1963 in the People's Republic of Poland]. GermanHornik JZ Arztl Fortbild (Jena) 1965 59(8):471-4
1965[Diagnostic difficulties in cases of smallpox during the Wroclaw epidemic in 1963]. PolishReck J, Stachurska IWiad Lek 1965 18:557-63
1965 [Cases of hemorrhagic diathesis in smallpox patients during the 1963 Wroclaw epidemic]. PolishSurowcowa-Swidzińska A, Hawling T, Oleksin DPol Tyg Lek 1965 20(34):1277-9
1965[Eye complications after smallpox vaccination during the smallpox epidemic in Wroclaw in 1963]. PolishKrudysz JKlin Oczna 1965 35:23-7
1966[Laboratory characteristics of variola strains isolated during the smallpox epidemic in Poland in 1963]. PolishMészáros JPrzegl Epidemiol 1966 20(4):417-22
1968[Analysis of complications in vaccinated children during the epidemic of smallpox in 1963 in the province of Wroclaw]. PolishMaszkiewicz W, Penar SPol Tyg Lek 1968 23(32):1195-8
Other
1972[Beginnings of smallpox vaccination in Poland]. PolishKonopka SArch Hist Med (Warsz) 1972 35(3):303-8
1975The level of some smallpox antibodies in selected population groups of several regions of Poland: In the years 1970-1973Potajallo UBull Inst Marit Trop Med Gdynia 1975 26(3-4):395-405

Sweden

Year Title Authors Journal
1965[Experiences in the 1963 smallpox vaccination campaign of post office personnel in the Stockholm area]. SwedishOstlund E, Bloom G, Sandberg ESoc Med Tidskr 1965 42:9-23
1966Acta Med Scand Suppl Vol. 464. Special issue
- Epidemiology of smallpox in Stockholm 1963Zetterberg B, Ringertz O, Svedmyr A, Wallmark G, Alin KActa Med Scand Suppl 1966 464:7-42
- Apparatus for mass vaccination against smallpoxPeterson N Acta Med Scand Suppl 1966 464:43-44
- Smallpox outbreak and vaccination problems in Stockholm, Sweden 1963. II. Case historiesZetterberg B, Ringertz O, Svedmyr A, Wallmark G, Alin K, Ström J, Gerzén P, Herzenberg H, Jansson U, Ursing J, Werneman HActa Med Scand Suppl 1966 464:45-56
- Smallpox outbreak and vaccination problems in Stockholm, Sweden 1963. III. Diagnosis, clinical classification and symptoms, differential diagnosis and therapyStröm J, Gerzén P, Herzenberg H, Jansson U, Ursing J, Werneman HActa Med Scand Suppl 1966 464:57-65
- Organization of hospital care for smallpox cases at the hospital for infectious diseases in StockholmStröm JActa Med Scand Suppl 1966 464:66-70
- Virological findings during the smallpox outbreak in Stockholm in 1963Espmark A, Biberfeld G, Fagraeus A, Johnsson T, Jonsson J, Magnusson BActa Med Scand Suppl 1966 464:71-86
- Smallpox outbreak and vaccination problems in Stockholm, Sweden 1963. V. Postvaccinal reactions and complicationsBengtsson E, Hansson S, Nyström BActa Med Scand Suppl 1966 464:87-104
- Neurological complications after smallpox vaccinationHolmgren B, Lindblom UActa Med Scand Suppl 1966 464:105-112
- Smallpox outbreak and vaccination problems in Stockholm, Sweden 1963. Circulatory studies in patients with abnormal ECG in the course of postvaccinal complicationsBengtsson E, Holmgren A, Nyström B Acta Med Scand Suppl 1966 464:113-126
- ECG-changes without subjective symptoms after smallpox vaccination of military personnelAhlborg B, Linroth K, Nordgren B Acta Med Scand Suppl 1966 464:127-134
- Smallpox vaccination of patients with increased risk of complicationsEricsson HActa Med Scand Suppl 1966 464:135-138
- Smallpox vaccination during pregnancyEngström L Acta Med Scand Suppl 1966 464:139-146
- Smallpox outbreak and vaccination problems in Stockholm, Sweden 1963. The assessment, and the vaccination, of patients with cutaneous disordersEriksson G, Forsbeck M Acta Med Scand Suppl 1966 464:147-157
- Smallpox outbreak and vaccination problems in Stockholm, Sweden 1963. Postvaccinal dermatosesRajka G, Nilzén A Acta Med Scand Suppl 1966 464:158-161
- A case of asthma after vaccination against smallpoxEkbom K Acta Med Scand Suppl 1966 464:170-171
1976[On the history of smallpox in Sweden]. SwedishArvidsson SONord Medicinhist Arsb 1976:67-78
1977[A gleaning from the Swedish history of smallpox: From chill-inducing drugs via variolation to the emergence of cow pox vaccine]. SwedishLakartidningen 1977 74(3):137-8

United Kingdom

Year Title Authors Journal
1965Importing of smallpoxBr Med J 1965 1(5441):1075OPEN
1966Mild smallpoxBr Med J 1966 1(5498):1248-9OPEN
1967WER. Importation: London. From PakistanWHOWER 20 Oct 1967 42(42):479PDF
1967WER. Importation: London update. 2nd caseWHOWER 3 Nov 1967 42(45):500PDF
1967WER. Importation: London update. No additional casesWHOWER 10 Nov 1967 42(48):512PDF
1968WER. Importation: London. From PakistanWHOWER 8 Mar 1968 43(10):141PDF
1969WER. Importation: Suspected. Confirmed as chickenpoxWHOWER 3 Jan 1969 44(1):9PDF
1971Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 62: 3 Sep 1971
Change in vaccination policy: UK
Smallpox unit, WHOWER 36:376-9PDF
1973 Smallpox unawaresBr Med J 1973 2(5858):70OPEN
1974WER. Vaccination complications. ReportWHOWER 10 May 1974 49(19):169PDF
1975WER. Vaccination complications. Report on eczema vaccinatumWHOWER 5 Sep 1975 50(36):313-4PDF
1978WER. Smallpox case: Birmingham. Lab-associated. Actions takenWHOWER 1 Sep 1978 53(35):265-6PDF
1978WER. Outbreak: Birmingham. Update. Actions takenWHOWER 8 Sep 1978 53(36):271PDF
1978WER. Smallpox case: Birmingham. Update. Death of initial case. One secondary case. Actions takenWHOWER 15 Sep 1978 53(37):279PDF
1978WER. Smallpox case: Birmingham. UpdateWHOWER 22 Sep 1978 53(38):283PDF
1978 WER. Smallpox case: Birmingham. Update. Secondary case discharged from hospital. No additional cases. WHOWER 6 Oct 1978 53(40):295PDF
1978New smallpox outbreak leads scientist to suicideWade NScience 1978 201(4361):1108
1978New smallpox case seems lab-causedWade NScience 1978 201(4359):893
1979Smallpox death in Britain challenges presumption of laboratory safetyHawkes NScience 1979 203(4383):855-6
1979WER. Vaccination complications. Vaccinia virus surveillanceWHOWER 11 May 1979 54(19):150PDF

United States

Year Title Authors Journal
1965Smallpox immunization in the United StatesKempe CH, Benenson ASJAMA 1965 194(2):161-6
1965Place of smallpox vaccination in the United StatesLebrun AJArch Environ Health 1965 10:79-83
1969Routine childhood vaccination against smallpox reconsideredLane JM, Millar JDN Engl J Med 1969 281(22):1220-4
1971The case for abolishing routine childhood smallpox vaccination in the United StatesNeff JMAm J Epidemiol 1971 93(4):245-247
1971Possible alternatives to routine smallpox vaccination in the United StatesBenenson ASAm J Epidemiol 1971 93(4):248-252
1974WER. Recommendations for handling suspected smallpox caseWHOWER 27 Sep 1974 49(39):326-9PDF

Yugoslavia

Year Title Authors Source
1972Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 70A, 21 Apr 1972
Outbreak: Yugoslavia
Smallpox unit, WHOWER 47(16):161-2PDF
1972Smallpox in YugoslaviaMed J Aust 1972 1(21):1063-4
1973 [Smallpox in Yugoslavia and Hanover in 1972 (author's transl)]. GermanBuchwald GMed Klin 1973 68(39):1271-4
1973Epidemiologic aspects of smallpox in Yugoslavia in 1972S Litvinjenko, B Arsić, S BorjanovićWHO/SE/73.57PDF
1974[Vaccination state of the patients with smallpox in Kosovo]. SerbianKecmanović M, Suvaković VSrp Arh Celok Lek 1974 102(6):427-37