Smallpox Eraducation Programme Archives

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1961. Smallpox control and eradication. EM/RC11/5.
[Regional Committee for the Eastern Mediterranean. Eleventh Session. Agenda item 12 (b). 20 June 1961]

1968. Projections - 1968, 1969, 1970. EMRO
[Meeting of Regional Advisers on Smallpox Eradication. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 3-10 Apr 1968. DA Henderson personal papers]

1970. Status of the smallpox eradication programmes in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. Extracted from WHO/SE/71.30 p24-30.
[E Shafa; Inter-Regional Seminar on Surveillance and Assessment in Smallpox Eradication, New Delhi, 30 Nov-5 Dec 1970]

1978. Report to the Global Commission for Certification of Smallpox Eradication on the smallpox free status of the Arab Countries of the Gulf Area . WHO/SE/78.121.
[AG Rangaraj]

Afghanistan

Last endemic case of smallpox: 1972. Importations during SEP: 1973. Certified as smallpox-free by International Commission: 30 Nov 1976.


Once in Afghanistan

Once in Afghanistan

An all-female Peace Corps team worked in Afghanistan during 1969-70, joining male Afghani vaccinators in the Hindu Kush mountains and the southern desert. Many Afghani women and girls were forbidden to be seen, much less vaccinated, by men outside their families. Letters, diaries, and photos are archived in the Radcliffe Schlesinger Library. Read the Library's illustrated article about the program and the collection. Producers Jill Vickers (team member) and Jody Bergedick (Dirt Road Documentaries) have contributed their 2002 documentary Once in Afghanistan, about the experience.

Bahrain

Last endemic case of smallpox: 1957. Certified as smallpox-free by country visit and expert report: 7 Dec 1978


1978. Report to the Global Commission for Certification of Smallpox Eradication, Bahrain. WHO/SE/78.115.
[Ministry of Health, Bahrain and WHO]

Djibouti (French Territory of the Afars and Issas)

Never an endemic country. Importations during SEP: 1976. Certified as smallpox=free by International Commission: 26 Oct 1979.


1970. Contribution of the Afars and Issas (TFAI) to smallpox control in east Africa. WHO/SE/70.15
[D Courtois, Chief, Hygiene and Epidemiology Services, French Territory of the Afars and Issas, Djibouti]


1973. Smallpox Surveillance Report. No. 98. Reprinted from: WER 46:434-8.
[16 Nov 1973]


1977. Smallpox Surveillance Report: Nairobi meeting —Somalia, Kenya, Ethiopia, Sudan, Djibouti . No. 137. Reprinted from: WER 40:371-21.
[07 Oct 1977]


1978. Smallpox eradication in the Republic of Djibouti: Status report, 23 November 1978. SME/78.27

1978. Smallpox eradication programme in the Republic of Djibouti, 6 November 1977 - 20 December 1977. Assessment of the present situation and implementation of surveillance activities. WHO/SE/78.100
[N Grasset, WHO Consultant]


1979. Report to the International Commission for the Certification of Smallpox Eradication, Republic of Djibouti. October 1979. WHO/SE/79.143
[JP Ryst, WHO Consultant]

1979. Report of the International Commission for the Certification of Smallpox Eradication in Djibouti, 9-18 October 1979. WHO/SE/79.147

1979. Joint Report of the International Commissions for the Certification of Smallpox Eradication in the Countries of the Horn of Africa, Nairobi, 26 October 1979. WHO_SE_79-150.

Ethiopia

Last endemic case of smallpox: 1976. Certified as smallpox-free by International Commission: 26 Oct 1979.


1972. A report from Gemu-Gofa Province, Ethiopia. WHO/SE/72.48.
[G Tilahun, K Mondaw, MD Kraushaar, MS Holmberg]


1973. Active search operations for smallpox - An Ethiopian experience. WHO/SE/73.50.
[CA de Quadros, KL Weithaler, J Siemon]


1975. An account of operations in Gishe Woreda, Ethiopia. WHO/SE/75.72.
[W Barrashand, L Kaplan]


1977. Smallpox. WER 6:63.
[No cases reported since Aug 1976. 11 Feb 1977]

1977. Smallpox Eradication Programme. WER 13:120.
[Reporting of meeting among Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, and Sudan. 1 Apr 1977]

1977. Smallpox surveillance. WER 19:167.
[Additional cases detected. 13 May 1977]

1977. Smallpox surveillance: Ethiopia. WER 25:211.
[Update on outbreaks. 24 Jun 1977]


1978. Report on a visit to Ethiopia by Members of the Global Commission for Smallpox Eradication, 31 May - 15 June 1978. SME/78.11.
[K Dumbell, P Shrestha]


1979. Report of the International Commission for Preliminary Assessment of Smallpox Eradication in Ethiopia, 3-18 April 1978. SME/79.6.

1979. Smallpox Eradication in Ethiopia Report to the International Commission for the Certification of Smallpox Eradication. WHO/SE/79.144.
[Y Tekeste, A Hailu, C do Amaral Jr, PR Arbani, LN Khodakevich, NA Ward ]

1979. Report of the International Commission for the Certification of Smallpox Eradication in Ethiopia, 1-17 October 1979. WHO/SE/79.148.

1979. Joint Report of the International Commissions for the Certification of Smallpox Eradication in the Countries of the Horn of Africa, Nairobi, 26 October 1979. WHO_SE_79-150.

Iran

Last endemic case of smallpox: 1963. Reintroduced in 1970 and last endemic case during SEP: 1972. Certified as smallpox-free by country visit and expert report: 7 Dec 1978.


1971. Smallpox Surveillance Report: Importations to Iran. No. 54. Reprinted from: WER 10:86-91.
[05 Mar 1971]


1978. Smallpox eradication in Iran. WHO/SE/78.120.
[Ministry of Health and Welfare, Imperial Government of Iran and WHO]

1978. The special programme to confirm smallpox eradication in Iran. WHO/SE/78.129.
[LB Brilliant]

Iraq

Last endemic case of smallpox: 1959. Reintroduced in 1971 and last endemic case during SEP: 1972. Certified as smallpox-free by International Commission: 17 Apr 1979.


1978. Report to the members of the Global Commission for the Certification of Smallpox Eradication, Iraq. WHO/SE/78.114.
[Ministry of Health, Iraq and WHO]

1978. Visit report of the members of the International Commission for the Certification of Smallpox Eradication, Iraq, 5-15 October 1978. WHO/SE/78.127.

Kuwait

Last endemic case of smallpox: 1957. Importations during SEP: 1967. Certified as smallpox-free by country visit and expert report: 7 Dec 1978.


1967. Epidemiological Notes. Smallpox. WER 16:198.
[Suspected smallpox death reported; first case reported since 1959. 21 Apr 1967]

1967. Epidemiological Notes. Smallpox. WER 18:219.
[Smallpox outbreak reported in border nomads. 7 May 1967]

1967. Epidemiological Notes. Smallpox. WER 19:229.
[Update on outbreak; 17 deaths in 41 cases (42% case fatality) reported. 12 May 1967]

1967. Epidemiological Notes. Smallpox. WER 20:242.
[Update on outbreak. 19 May 1967]


1978. Report to the Global Commission for Certification of Smallpox Eradication, Kuwait. WHO/SE/78.119.
[Ministry of Health, Kuwait and WHO]


1979. Adverse reactions to smallpox vaccination. WER 43:330.
[26 Oct 1979]

Oman

Last endemic case of smallpox: 1962. Certified as smallpox-free by country visit and expert report: 7 Dec 1978.


1967. Epidemiological Notes. Smallpox. WER 11:141.
[Importation from India; first reported since 1962. 17 Mar 1967]


1968. Epidemiological Notes. Smallpox. WER 11:155.
[Importation from India in illegal immigrant. 15 Mar 1968]

1968. Epidemiological Notes. Smallpox. WER 13:174.
[Additional importation from India in illegal immigrant. 29 Mar 1968]


1978. Report to the Global Commission for Certification of Smallpox Eradication, Oman. WHO/SE/78.117.
[Ministry of Health, Oman and WHO]

Pakistan (West Pakistan)

Last endemic case of smallpox: 1974. Certified as smallpox-free by International Commission: 18 Dec 1976.


1968. Smallpox Surveillance Report. No. 11. Reprinted from: WER 43:552-6.
[25 Oct 1968]


1969. Transmission of smallpox in endemic areas. WHO/SE/69.13.
[GG Heiner, N Fatima, A Ali]


1970. Surveillance activities of the smallpox eradication programme in West Pakistan. SE/WP/70.11 (same as WHO/SE/71.30 p 195-206.
[MN Khawaja; Inter-Regional Seminar on Surveillance and Assessment in Smallpox Eradication, New Delhi, India, 30 Nov-5 Dec 1970]

1970. Scar survey in smallpox eradication programme of West Pakistan. SE/WP/70.27.
[MB Khawaja, F Adibzadeh; Inter-Regional Seminar on Surveillance and Assessment in Smallpox Eradication, New Delhi, India, 30 Nov-5 Dec 1970]


1971. A study of inapparent infection in smallpox. WHO/SE/71.26.
[GG Heiner, N Fatima, RW Daniel, JL Cole, RL Anthony, FR McCrumb Jr; later published in Am J epidemiol 94:252-68, 1971]

1971. A study of intrafamilial transmission of smallpox. WHO/SE/71.33.
[GG Heiner, N Fatima, FR McCrumb Jr]

1971. Smallpox Surveillance Report: Transmission between villages (West Pakistan). No. 63. Reprinted from: WER 40:412-4.
[01 Oct 1971]

1971. Smallpox Surveillance Report. No. 64. Reprinted from: WER 44:453-8.
[29 Oct 1971]


From this point on, every issue of the Smallpox Surveillance Report [No. 81 (17 Nov 1972) through No. 118 (11 Jul 1975)] included a table of smallpox incidence in Pakistan by week and district.

1972. Smallpox transmission on a bus. WHO/SE/72.41.
[GD Suleimanov, KK Mandokhel]

1972. Smallpox eradication project Punjab 1972. Some aspects of smallpox eradication in Lahore. SE/WP/PAK/72.1.
[GD Suleimanov; Training Seminar on Smallpox Eradication. Karachi, 14-18 November, 1972]

1972. Smallpox eradication programme Punjab 1972. Three years of experience in Punjab Province. SE/WP/PAK/72.4.
[GD Suleimanov, M Rafique; Training Seminar on Smallpox Eradication. Karachi, 14-18 November, 1972]


1976. Variolation in Punjab. PAK/PUN/WP/76.12
[Ch. Ismat Ullah. International Commission for the Certification of Smallpox Eradication in Pakistan.]

1977. Report of the International Commission for the Assessment of Smallpox Eradication in Pakistan. WHO/SE/77.90.

Qatar

Last endemic case of smallpox: 1961. Certified as smallpox-free by country visit and expert report: 7 Dec 1978.


1978. Report to the Global Commission for Certification of Smallpox Eradication, Qatar. WHO/SE/78.116.
[Ministry of Health, Qatar and WHO]

Saudi Arabia

Last endemic case of smallpox: 1961. Importations during SEP: 1970, 1972. Certified as smallpox-free by country visit and expert report: 7 Dec 1978.


1978. Report to the Global Commission for Certification of Smallpox Eradication, Saudi Arabia. WHO/SE/78.122.
[Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia and WHO]

Somalia

Last endemic case of smallpox: 1977. Certified as smallpox-free by International Commission: 22 Oct 1979.


1977. Smallpox. WER 6:62-3.
[Report on house-to-house searches. 11 Feb 1977]

1977. Smallpox Eradication Programme. WER 13:120.
[Reporting of meeting among Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, and Sudan. 1 Apr 1977]

1977. Somalia. WER 13:121.
[Two cases reported. 1 Apr 1977]

1977. Smallpox. WER 15:139.
[Additional cases detected. 15 Apr 1977]

1977. Smallpox surveillance. WER 19:167.
[Additional cases detected. 13 May 1977]

1977. Smallpox surveillance: Somalia. WER 25:211.
[Outbreak case total 1,567. 24 Jun 1977]

1977. Smallpox Surveillance Report: Nairobi meeting —Somalia, Kenya, Ethiopia, Sudan, Djibouti . No. 137. Reprinted from: WER 40:371-21.
[07 Oct 1977]

1977. Emergency logistical operation (for containment of the smallpox epidemic in Somalia). WHO/SE/77.99.
[R Hauge, J Wickett]


1978. Operational Guidelines for Smallpox Operations in Somalia. SME/78.1 Rev 1.

1978. Plan of Action for the Smallpox Eradication Programme in Somalia 1978/1979. SME/78.3.

1978. Outbreak containment in the Somalia smallpox eradication programme. WHO/SE/78.104.
[A Deria, Z Ježek, S Foster]

1978. Smallpox transmission in an isolated nomadic group. WHO/SE/78.105.
[SO Foster, HES Abdulgadir, HA Kamaluddin]

1978. A smallpox outbreak in Merka town, Somalia. WHO/SE/78.123.
[Smallpox Eradication unit, WHO]

1978. Smallpox eradication in Somalia: Status Report, 1 October 1978. WHO/SE/78.128.

1978. Residual skin changes in patients who have recovered from variola minor. WHO/SE/78.131.
[Z Ježek, W Hardjotanojo]


1979. An evaluation of the effectiveness of smallpox surveillance and containment in Somalia. SME/79.2.
[Z Ježek, A Deria]

1979. A possible case of camelpox in man. SME/79.7.
[B Kriz]

1979. The epidemiology of measles in a rural community in Somalia. SME/79.8.
[B Kriz, A Deria]

1979. Nomadic population movement in south-western Somalia and its influence on the planning of smallpox surveillance. SME/79.12.
[B Kriz, R Hatfield]

1979. Smallpox eradication in Somalia, report to the International Commission on the smallpox eradication programme in Somalia. WHO/SE/79.145.
[Z Ježek, M Al Aghbari, R Hatfield, A Deria]

1979. Report of the International Commission for the Certification of Smallpox Eradication in Somalia, 1-21 October 1979. WHO/SE/79.146.

1979. Joint Report of the International Commissions for the Certification of Smallpox Eradication in the Countries of the Horn of Africa, Nairobi, 26 October 1979. WHO_SE_79-150.


1980. An estimation of past smallpox incidence in South-western Somalia. SME/80.7.
[B Kriz]

1980. Vehicle maintenance in the smallpox eradication programme in Somalia, 1977-1979. WHO/SE/80.155.
[R Hatfield]

Sudan

Last endemic case of smallpox: 1962. Importations during SEP: 1967. Reintroduced in 1968 and last endemic case during SEP: 1972. Certified as smallpox-free by International Commission: 29 Nov 1978.


1967. Epidemiological Notes. Smallpox. WER 34:394.
[Laboratory confirmed case. 21 Aug 1967]


1968. Smallpox Surveillance Report. No. 9. Reprinted from: WER 39:494-9.
[27 Sep 1968]

1968. Status of Smallpox Eradication Activities. Country: Sudan. SE/68.20
[Kinshasa, 19-26 November 1968]


1969. Epidemiological Notes. Smallpox. WER 5:97.
[Outbreak reported. 31 Jan 1969]

1969. Epidemiological Notes. Smallpox. WER 6:109.
[Update on outbreak. 7 Feb 1969]

1969. Smallpox Surveillance Report: Outbreaks in non-endemic countries—Sudan. No. 18. Reprinted from: WER 8:150-8.
[21 Feb 1969]

1969. Smallpox Surveillance Report. No. 29. Reprinted from: WER 33:497-502.
[15 Aug 1969]


1970. Smallpox Surveillance Report. No. 46. Reprinted from: WER 35:368-72.
[28 Aug 1970]


1971. Smallpox Surveillance Report:. No. 58. Reprinted from: WER 23:228-33.
[04 Jun 1971]


1972. Smallpox Surveillance Report. No. 73. Reprinted from: WER 26:249-51.
[30 Jun 1972]

1972. Smallpox Surveillance Report. No. 76. Reprinted from: WER 33:313-5.
[18 Aug 1972]

1972. Smallpox Surveillance Report. No. 78. Reprinted from: WER 37:345-7.
[15 Sep 1972]

1972. Smallpox Surveillance Report. No. 83. Reprinted from: WER 51/52:494-6.
[22 Dec 1972]


1973. Smallpox Surveillance Report. No. 86. Reprinted from: WER 8:93-6.
[23 Feb 1973]

1973. Smallpox Surveillance Report. No. 88. Reprinted from: WER 13:143-5.
[30 Mar 1973]

1973. Smallpox Surveillance Report. No. 91. Reprinted from: WER 22:231-4.
[01 Jun 1973]

1973. Smallpox Surveillance Report. No. 95. Reprinted from: WER 35:348-50.
[31 Aug 1973]

1973. Active search operations—Equatorial Province, Sudan. WHO/SE/73.60.
[J Lepkowski, OHM Suleiman, AHS Osman]


1974. The mystery of the smallpox cases in the Lafit Mountains, Equatorial Provinces, Sudan. WHO/SE/74.67.
[DO Bassett, G Kibaida, AHS Osman]


1977. Smallpox Eradication Programme. WER 13:120.
[Reporting of meeting among Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, and Sudan. 1 Apr 1977]

1977. Smallpox Surveillance Report: Nairobi meeting —Somalia, Kenya, Ethiopia, Sudan, Djibouti . No. 137. Reprinted from: WER 40:371-21.
[07 Oct 1977]


1978. The eradication of smallpox in Sudan. SME/78.13.


1979. Report of the International Commission for the Certification of Smallpox Eradication in the Sudan, 15-29 November 1978. WHO/SE/79.134.

Syrian Arab Republic

Last endemic case of smallpox: 1950. Importations during SEP: 1972. Certified as smallpox-free by International Commission: 22 Oct 1979.


1978. Report to the members of the Global Commission for the Certification of Smallpox Eradication. WHO/SE/78.111.
[Ministry of Health, Syrian Arab Republic and WHO]

1978. Visit report of the members of the International Commission for the Certification of Smallpox Eradication, Syrian Arab Republic, 15-22 October 1978. WHO/SE/78.126.

United Arab Emirates (Trucial Sheikhdoms)

Never endemic. Importations during SEP: 1967, 1968, 1970, 1971. Certified as smallpox-free by country visit and expert report: 7 Dec 1978.


1971. Smallpox Surveillance Report: Importations to Trucial Sheikhdoms. No. 54. Reprinted from: WER 10:86-91.
[05 Mar 1971]


1978. Report to the Global Commission for Certification of Smallpox Eradication, United Arab Emirates. WHO/SE/78.118.
[Ministry of Health, United Arab Emirates and WHO]

Yemen Arab Republic

Last endemic case of smallpox: 1969. Certified as smallpox-free by International Commission: 11 Jun 1979.


1978. Smallpox eradication in the Yemen Arab Republic: status report, November 1976. SME/78.23.
[Department of Preventive Health Services, Ministry of Health, Sana'a, and WHO Operations Officer, Smallpox Eradication Programme]


1979. Report to the International Commission for the Certification of Smallpox Eradication in the Yemen Arab Republic, June 1979. WHO/SE/79.138.

1979. Report of the International Commission for the Certification of Smallpox Eradication in the Yemen Arab Republic, 2-10 June 1979. WHO/SE/79.139.

Yemen, Dem. Rep. of

Last endemic case of smallpox: 1960. Certified as smallpox-free by International Commission: 10 Jun 1979.


1978. The Global Commission for Certification of Smallpox Eradication, status report on the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen. WHO/SE/78.125.


1979. Report to the International Commission for the Certification of Smallpox Eradication in the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, April 1979. WHO/SE/79.136.
[Ministry of Health, People's Democratic Republic of Yemen and WHO]

1979. Report of the International Commission for the Certification of Smallpox Eradication in the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, 3-11 June 1979. WHO/SE/79.140.