Smallpox Eraducation  Archives

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Summary

Country Last endemic case Importations during SEP Certification Method Document
Bangladesh (East Pakistan)* 1970, 1975 None post-1975 14 Dec 1977 Intl Commission SEA/Smallpox/84
Bhutan 1920 1967, 1968, 1973, 1974 22 Apr 1977 Intl Commission SEA/Smallpox/80
India 1975 None post-1975 23 Apr 1977 Intl Commission SEA/Smallpox/78
Indonesia 1972 None post-1972 25 Apr 1974 Intl Commission WHO/SE/74.68
Myanmar (Burma)** 1965 1968, 1969 30 Nov 1977 Intl Commission SEA/Smallpox/83
Nepal 1975 None post-1975 13 Apr 1977 Intl Commission SEA/Smallpox/80
Thailand 1962 None 7 Dec 1978 Visit and detailed country report WHO/SE/78.132 pp 7,21

* East Pakistan was renamed Bangladesh in 1971. Transmission was interrupted in 1970, but smallpox was reintroduced from India in 1971 when civil war, flooding, and famine created vast numbers of refugees. The last case in Bangladesh occurred on 16 Oct 1975. It was the last case of variola major and the last case of smallpox in Asia.

** Burma was renamed Myanmar in 1989.


Year Title Authors Source
1968 SEARO: Projections for vaccination, vaccine requirements, and expenditures: 1968, 1969, 1970
Meeting of Regional Advisers on Smallpox Eradication. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 3-10 Apr 1968
DA Henderson personal papers PDF
1970 Review of the status of smallpox in the South-East Asia Region
Inter-Regional Seminar on Surveillance and Assessment in Smallpox Eradication. New Delhi, India, 30 Nov - 5 Dec 1970
Oles A WHO/SE/71.30:13-23 PDF
1973 [Duration of vaccination immunity to smallpox (epidemiological observation in Southeast Asia)]. Russian Vishniakov VE Tr Leningr Nauchno Issled Inst Epidemiol Mikrobiol 1973 42:163-8
1973 [Smallpox and traditional medicine in the developing countries of Africa and Asia]. German Serý V Z Tropenmed Parasitol 1973 24(1):105-18
1977 [Latest steps taken in the eradication of smallpox in Asia]. Polish Kostrzewski J Przegl Epidemiol 1977 31(4):361-73
1980 [Smallpox eradication in Southeast Asia]. Russian Slepushkin AN, Khodakevich LN Zh Mikrobiol Epidemiol Immunobiol 1980 (3):3-8

Bangladesh (East Pakistan)

Year Title Authors Source
SMALLPOX CONTROL BEFORE 1967
1959 Titration of smallpox vaccines from ten countries sent to East Pakistan during the 1958 smallpox epidemic Wang SP, Grayston JT Bull World Health Organ 1959 20(6):1260-3 OPEN
1964 The planning, organization and execution of smallpox vaccination campaign in Pakistan
WHO Expert Committee on Smallpox. Geneva, Switzerland, 14-20 Jan 1964
NS Haque Smallpox/WP/13 PDF
SMALLPOX SURVEILLANCE REPORTS
1967 Smallpox Surveillance Report Draft 2 Dec 1967. (Prepared but not distributed)
Field studies with the bifurcated needle
Rahman A SE/SR/67.2:21-2 PDF
1968 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 11, 25 Oct 1968 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 43(43):552-6 PDF
1969 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 21, 3 Apr 1969 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 44(14):237-40 PDF
1969 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 26, 20 Jun 1969 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 44(25):413-8, 424 PDF
1969 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 35, 23 Dec 1969 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 44(51-52):669-76 PDF
1970 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 45, 7 Aug 1970
Persistent endemic smallpox in rural areas: East Pakistan
Smallpox unit, WHO WER 45(32):337-43 PDF
1971 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 59, 25 Jun 1971 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 46(26):255-8 PDF
1971 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 64, 29 Oct 1971 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 46(44):453-8 PDF
1972 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 72, 9 Jun 1972 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 47(23):225-6 PDF
NOTE: All Smallpox Surveillance Reports Nos. 81-123 (17 Nov 1972 - 19 Dec 1975) include tables of smallpox incidence in Bangladesh by week and district
1973 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 99, 14 Dec 1973. Smallpox unit, WHO WER 48(50):475-9 PDF
1974 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 101, 8 Feb 1974 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 49(6):50-1 PDF
1974 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 102, 8 Mar 1974 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 49(10):82-5 PDF
1974 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 103, 11 Apr 1974 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 49(15):126-9 PDF
1974 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 105, 14 Jun 1974 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 49(24):207-10 PDF
1974 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 106, 12 Jul 1974 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 49(28):238-41 PDF
1974 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 107, 9 Aug 1974 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 49(32):271-4 PDF
1974 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 108, 6 Sep 1974 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 49(36):302-4 PDF
1974 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 109, 4 Oct 1974 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 49(40):334-7 PDF
1974 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 110, 1 Nov 1974 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 49(44):365-9 PDF
1974 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 111, 13 Dec 1974 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 49(50):414-17 PDF
1975 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 113, 21 Feb 1975 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 50(8):90-94 PDF
1975 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 114, 21 Mar 1975 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 50(12):121-4 PDF
1975 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 115, 25 Apr 1975 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 50(17):162-6 PDF
1975 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 117, 13 Jun 1975 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 50(24):221-4 PDF
1975 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 118, 11 Jul 1975 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 50(28):254-6 PDF
1975 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 120, 19 Sep 1975 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 50(38):325-9 PDF
1975 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 121, 24 Oct 1975 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 50(43):363-6 PDF
1975 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 122, 14 Nov 1975 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 50(46):393-7 PDF
1975 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 123, 19 Dec 1975 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 50(51):430-33 PDF
SMALLPOX ERADICATION PROGRAMME
1969 Smallpox and the density of susceptible persons in Matlab, East Pakistan
Meeting of Regional Advisers for Smallpox Eradication, Lagos, Nigeria, 21-23 May 1969
Arita I WP/14 PDF
1969 Endemic smallpox in a rural area Thomas DB, McCormack WM, Arita I, Khan MM, Islam S, Mack TM WHO/SE/69.11 PDF
1970 Surveillance of smallpox in East Pakistan
Inter-Regional Seminar on Surveillance and Assessment in Smallpox Eradication. New Delhi, India, 30 Nov - 5 Dec 1970
Markvart K, Huq AMM, Islam AIMS WHO/SE/71.30:182-194 PDF
1971 Endemic smallpox in rural East Pakistan. I. Methodology, clinical and epidemiological characteristics of cases, and intervillage transmission Thomas DB, McCormack WM, Arita I, Khan MM, Islam S, Mack TM WHO/SE/71.24
Am J epidemiol 1971 93: 361-72
PDF
1971 Endemic smallpox in rural East Pakistan. II. Intravillage transmission and infectiousness Thomas DB, Arita I, McCormack WM, Khan MM, Islam S, Mack TM WHO/SE/71.25
Am J epidemiol 1971 93: 373-83
PDF
1972 Inter-Country Seminar on Surveillance in Smallpox Eradication. New Delhi, India, 30 Oct - 2 Nov 1972
The present status and future plans for the Bangladesh programme Huq AMM, Kashem JA, Khan A, Arnt N SE/WP/72.7 PDF
The use of surveillance teams in Bangladesh Huq AMM, Kashem JA SE/WP/72.15 PDF
1973 Epidemic of smallpox among the evacuees from Bangladesh in Salt Lake area near Calcutta Mazumder DN, Chakraborty AK J Indian Med Assoc 1973 60(8):275-80
1974 A field day for smallpox in Sibpur, Bangladesh Rangaraj AG, Yusuf MA WHO/SE/74.65 PDF
1974 The 1972 smallpox outbreak in Khulna Municipality, Bangladesh. I. Methodology and epidemiologic findings Sommer A, Foster SO Am J Epidemiol 1974 99(4):291-302
1974 The 1972 smallpox outbreak in Khulna Municipality, Bangladesh. II. Effectiveness of surveillance and containment in urban epidemic control Sommer A SE/74.1
Am J Epidemiol 1974 99(4):303-313
PDF
1975 WER. Intensive surveillance: Two outbreaks detected on Bhola Island WHO WER 21 Nov 1975 50(47):407 PDF
1975 Sketch map of Bhola Island village where the last case of smallpox in Asia was found, Oct 1975
Used in case search and containment vaccination
SEP field team DA Henderson personal papers PDF
1974 A field day for smallpox in Sibpur, Bangladesh Rangaraj AG, Yusuf MA WHO/SE/74.65 PDF
1976 Bangladesh smallpox eradication programme, Mohakhali, Dacca WHO/SE/76.88 PDF
1976 The impact of city surveillance teams in Bangladesh during the smallpox eradication campaign Vetter NJ, Mehta H, Tarantola D Int J Epidemiol 1976 5(4):353-7
1976 Bangladesh smallpox eradication programme
Documentation for International Commission. Status Report. June 1, 1976
DA Henderson personal papers PDF
1977 Report to the International Commission for the Certification of Smallpox Eradication in Bangladesh SEA/Smallpox/82
1977Eradication of smallpox in Bangladesh. Report of the International Smallpox Assessment Commission, 1-14 Dec 1977SEA/Smallpox/84PDF
1977 Summary of the contributions of the smallpox programme to other health programmes through surveys in Bangladesh SEP, Dacca WHO/SE/77.91 PDF
1977 Smallpox eradication: Lessons learned in Bangladesh Foster SO WHO Chron 1977 31(6):245-7
1978 Smallpox pock mark survey in Bangladesh, with an assessment of reporting efficiency Hughes K, Foster SO, Tarantola D, Joarder AK WHO/SE/78.102 PDF
1978 Fatality, facial scarring and blindness from smallpox in Bangladesh Hughes K WHO/SE/78.101 PDF
1978 A suspected outbreak of buffalopox in Bangladesh Tarantola D, Huq F, Hoque FK, Selivanov Y, Wilson C WHO/SE/78.103 PDF
1978 Urban hospital and rural village smallpox in Bangladesh Koplan JP, Azizullah M, Foster SO Trop Geogr Med 1978 30(3):355-8
1978 [Last epidemic of smallpox in the world]. Polish Olakowski T Przegl Epidemiol 1978 32(4):447-54
1979 A study of smallpox transmission rate in Bangladesh Tulloch J, Tarantola D SME/79.1 PDF
1980 Smallpox surveillance in Bangladesh: I - Development of surveillance containment strategy Foster SO, Ward NA, Joarder AK, Arnt N, Tarantola D, Rahman M, Hughes K Int J Epidemiol 1980 9(4):329-34
1980 Smallpox surveillance in Bangladesh: II - Smallpox facial scar survey assessment of surveillance effectiveness Hughes K, Foster SO, Tarantola D, Mehta H, Tulloch JL, Joarder AK Int J Epidemiol 1980 9(4):335-40
2011 Smallpox eradication in Bangladesh, 1972–1976
Symposium: Smallpox Eradication after 30 Years: Lessons, Legacies and Innovations. Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 24-27 Aug 2010
Foster SO, Hughes K, Tarantola D, Glasser JW Vaccine 2011 29(Suppl 4):D22-D29

Bhutan

Year Title Authors Source
1972 A report on the present smallpox status in Bhutan
Inter-Country Seminar on Surveillance in Smallpox Eradication. New Delhi, India, 30 Oct - 2 Nov 1972
Samdup PW SE/WP/72.18 PDF
1977 Report of the International Commission for the Certification of Smallpox Eradication in Bhutan, 22 Apr 1977 SEA/Smallpox/80 PDF

Book-jacket

The Management of Smallpox Eradication in India

Lawrence B. Brilliant, U. of Michigan Press, 1985.

The author, Dr Lawrence B Brilliant, an epidemiologist with the WHO Regional Office for Southeast Asia, has generously made available the full text of his book. His extensive collection of documents is preserved in the Brilliant Collection at the University of Michigan Library.


Year Title Authors Source
HISTORICAL
1981 The goddess Śitalā and epidemic smallpox in Bengal Nicholas RW J Asian Stud 1981 41(1):21-45
SMALLPOX CONTROL BEFORE 1967
1964 Expert Committee on Smallpox. Geneva, Switzerland, 14-20 January 1964
Bleeding and coagulation studies in smallpox and chicken-pox, Madras, India, 1962-63 Kempe CH Smallpox/WP/5 PDF
Planning, organization and execution of national smallpox eradication campaign in India Lal KM Smallpox/WP/19 PDF
A study of 240 cases of haemorrhagic smallpox Rao AR Smallpox/WP/22 PDF
Assessment and evaluation of the national smallpox eradication programme in different parts of India Lal KM Smallpox/WP/26 PDF
1966 A critical examination of the Indian smallpox eradication program Gelfand HM Am J Public Health Nations Health 1966 56(10):1634-51 OPEN
1966 Some problems of smallpox vaccination in India and how to solve them Sarkar JK Indian J Public Health 1966 10(4):135-8
1966 The national smallpox eradication program: India's struggle against smallpox Kieselstein MJ Trans Stud Coll Physicians Phila 1966 34(2):71-6
SMALLPOX SURVEILLANCE REPORTS
1967 Smallpox Surveillance Report Draft 2 Dec 1967. (Prepared but not distributed)
Immunity following vaccination of the newborn
Rao AR SE/SR/67.2:22 PDF
1968 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 10, 11 Oct 1968 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 43(41):524-8 PDF
1969 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 16, 24 Jan 1969
Madras City, India
Smallpox unit, WHO WER 44(4):78-86 PDF
1969 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 32, 17 Oct 1969
Madras City, India
Smallpox unit, WHO WER 44(42):585-91 PDF
1970 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 39, 26 Mar 1970 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 45(13):137-43 PDF
NOTE: All Smallpox Surveillance Reports Nos. 42-118 (4 Jun 1970 - 7 Jul 1975) include tables of smallpox incidence in India by week and district
1971 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 53, 5 Feb 1971
Southern India. Smallpox Eradication Programme in Andhra Pradesh State
Smallpox unit, WHO WER 46(6):46-50 PDF
1971 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 66, 17 Dec 1971 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 46(51):521-26 PDF
1973 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 99, 14 Dec 1973 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 48(50):475-9 PDF
1974 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 101, 8 Feb 1974 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 49(6):50-1 PDF
1974 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 102, 8 Mar 1974 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 49(10):82-5 PDF
1974 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 103, 11 Apr 1974 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 49(15):126-9 PDF
1974 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 105, 14 Jun 1974 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 49(24):207-10 PDF
1974 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 106, 12 Jul 1974 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 49(28):238-41 PDF
1974 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 107, 9 Aug 1974 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 49(32):271-4 PDF
1974 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 108, 6 Sep 1974 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 49(36):302-4 PDF
1974 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 109, 4 Oct 1974 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 49(40):334-7 PDF
1974 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 110, 1 Nov 1974 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 49(44):365-9 PDF
1974 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 111, 13 Dec 1974 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 49(50):414-17 PDF
1975 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 113, 21 Feb 1975 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 50(8):90-94 PDF
1975 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 117, 13 Jun 1975 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 50(24):221-4 PDF
1975 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 118, 11 Jul 1975 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 50(28):254-6 PDF
1975 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 120, 19 Sep 1975 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 50(38):325-9 PDF
SMALLPOX ERADICATION PROGRAMME
1967 Average no. of vaccinations performed per man day, Sep 1966 India SEP assessment 1967 DA Henderson personal papers PDF
1967 WER. Epidemics. Bombay, Maharashtra State, Bihar State WHO WER 12 May 1967 42(19):229-30 PDF
1968 An outbreak of smallpox in Chingleput District, Madras Rao AR WHO/SE/68.6 PDF
1968 A short report on epidemiological findings of smallpox outbreaks in the city of Madras (January-June 1968) Rao AR WHO/SE/68.7 PDF
1968 A report on the assessment of national smallpox eradication programme in East Nimar district (MP) Mittal MC, Dwivedi MC Indian J Public Health
1969 Studies on laboratory testing of smallpox vaccines used in India under the National Smallpox Eradication Programme. Potency and bacterial sterility studies Sehgal CL, Murty DK, Shrivastav JB, Raghavan NG Indian J Med Res 1969 57(11):2040-57 OPEN
1970 Inter-Regional Seminar on Surveillance and Assessment in Smallpox Eradication. New Delhi, India, 30 Nov - 5 Dec 1970.
Observations during special investigations in Rajasthan Singh M WHO/SE/71.30:146-60 PDF
Development of the Smallpox Eradication Programme in Andhra Pradesh State, India Apparao MC WHO/SE/71.30:161-73 PDF
The pattern of urban smallpox—Calcutta Sarkar JK WHO/SE/71.30:174-80 PDF
Vaccination of hospitalized patients and newborns: Contraindications to vaccination Rao AR WHO/SE/71.30:208-18 PDF
1970 The efficacy and acceptability of the bifurcated needle technique: A summary of studies conducted in India WHO/SE/70.16 PDF
1970 A short report on epidemiological investigations of smallpox outbreaks in 1969 in a few villages of Nellore district of Andra Pradesh, India Rao AR, Paramasivam TV, Kamalakshi S, Parasuraman AR, Shantha M WHO/SE/70.17 PDF
1970 Epidemiological and virological studies on the off-season smallpox cases in Calcutta Sarkar JK, Ray S, Manji P WHO/SE/70.18
Indian J Med Res 1970 58(7):829-39
PDF
OPEN
1970 A short report on the epidemiological findings of smallpox outbreaks in the State of Tamil Nadu, July 1968-June 1969 Rao AR WHO/SE/70.19 PDF
1970 Outbreaks of smallpox during 1968 in some villages of Jaipur District, Rajasthan Pattanayak S, Sehga PN, Raghavan NGS WHO/SE/70.20
Indian J Med Res 1970 58(4):416-27]
PDF
OPEN
1970 Comparative studies of smallpox vaccination by the bifurcated needle and rotary lancet techniques Pattanayak S, Arora DD, Sehgal CL, Raghavan NG, Topa PK, Subrahmanyan YK Bull World Health Organ 1970 42(2):305-10 OPEN
1970 Studies on the off-season smallpox in Calcutta in 1967 Sarkar JK, Ray S, Manji P Bull Calcutta Sch Trop Med 1970 18(2):43-4
1971 Studies on laboratory testing of smallpox vaccines used in India under the National Smallpox Eradication Programme Sehgal CL, Murty DK, Singha P, Raghavan NG Indian J Med Res 1971 59(5):726-9 OPEN
1972 Pattern of transmission: Relative significance of cases of varying severity Rao AR SE/72.2 PDF
1972 A comparative study of smallpox vaccination techniques under field conditions Banerji SC, Sharma KL, Srivastava BC, Gupta RD Indian J Med Res 1972 60(5):772-7 OPEN
1972 Inter-Country Seminar on Surveillance in Smallpox Eradication. New Delhi, India, 30 Oct - 2 Nov 1972
Neo-natal vaccination Kapali V SE/WP/72.1 PDF
The control of smallpox in greater Bombay Parulekar DV SE/WP/72.2 PDF
"Encourage and appreciate immediate reporting of smallpox"; Methods to determine the efficacy of the programme Ahuja AS SE/WP/72.3 PDF
Methods to ascertain the smallpox transmission in an area has been interrupted Verma SD SE/WP/72.4 PDF
Tracing of the source of infection Singh I SE/WP/72.5 PDF
Present status and future plan of smallpox eradication programme in India Basu RN SE/WP/72.8 PDF
Conquest of smallpox in Maharashtra State: containment and follow-up measures; failures and achievements Aphale RV SE/WP/72.9 PDF
Use of surveillance teams in Rajasthan Aggarwal ML, Jagdev DK, Monnier A SE/WP/72.10 PDF
Control of smallpox in Delhi Municipal Corporation Jeswani PH SE/WP/72.14 PDF
Development of a reporting system in Uttar Pradesh Dube RD SE/WP/72.16 PDF
Problems of smallpox diagnosis Zacharias J SE/WP/72.17 PDF
Consequences of poor reporting: An experience encountered in Gulbarga District, Mysore State, South India Rao RR SE/WP/72.19 PDF
Cross notification in smallpox eradication Rao MCA SE/WP/72.20 PDF
Epidemic smallpox in a rural district (Santhal Parganas) Mouar DPS SE/WP/72.21 PDF
1973 Attitudes and knowledge about smallpox immunization among mothers Gulati PV, Amar S Indian J Pediatr 1973 40(9):312-6
1973 Popular beliefs about smallpox and other common infectious diseases in South India Mather RJ, John TJ Trop Geogr Med 1973 25(2):190-6
1975 Parental knowledge and attitude to smallpox vaccination in a rural community of south India Rao DC Indian J Pediatr 1975 42(2):46-51
1975 Clinical observations on smallpox: A study of 1233 patients admitted to the Infectious Diseases Hospital, Calcutta, during 1973 Mazumder DN, Mitra AC, Mukherjee MK Bull World Health Organ 1975 52(3):301-6 OPEN
1975 Smallpox outbreak field form—17 Jan 1975, Bihar, India SEP DA Henderson personal papers PDF
1975 Pattern of intrafamilial transmission of smallpox in the city of Calcutta Mukherjee MK, Sarkar JK, Mitra AC WHO/SE/75.73
Bull World Health Organ 1974 51(3):219-25
PDF
OPEN
1975 The experience of Kurara PHC, Hamirpur District, Jhansi Division in the organization and development of the smallpox eradication campaign Usmani SHA, Slepushkin AN WHO/SE/75.75 PDF
1976 Evolution of smallpox eradication programme in India Basu RN Indian J Public Health 1976 20(2):51-61
1975 Farewell to Sitala Mayya Hassan SH WHO/SE/75.77 PDF
1976 Primary vaccination against smallpox in children under the age of five years--a rural field study Guiati PV, Singh KP Indian J Pediatr 1976 43(7):185-90
1976 Cost-benefit analysis of the intensified campaign against smallpox in India. Ramaiah TJ NIHAE Bull 1976 9(3):169-203
1976 Cost-effectiveness analysis of the intensified campaign against smallpox in India Ramaiah TJ NIHAE Bull 1976 9(3):205-19
1977 Smallpox eradication in Rajasthan, India Singh P, Tomaszunas S, White E Acta Trop 1977 34(3):257-64
1977 Report to the International Commission for the Certification of Smallpox Eradication in India SEA/Smallpox/77
1977 Report of the International Commission for the Certification of Smallpox Eradication in India, 4-21 Apr 1977 SEA/Smallpox/78
Indian J Public Health 1978 22(1):8-15
1978 Indian Journal of Public Health. Special Issue, Vol. 22, No. 1
– Global smallpox eradication Arita I Indian J Public Health 1978 22(1):1-7
– Eradication of smallpox in India—Report of International Smallpox Assessment Committee SEA/Smallpox/78
Indian J Public Health 1978 22(1):8-15
The National Commission for Assessment of the Smallpox Eradication Programme in India Basu RN, Khodakevich LN WHO/SE/77.95
Indian J Public Health 1978 22(1):16-30
PDF
The last known outbreak of smallpox in India Ježek Z, Das MN, Das A, Aggarwal ML, Arya ZS WHO/SE/76.84
Indian J Public Health 1978 22(1):31-8
PDF
Operation smallpox zero Ježek Z, Basu RN WHO/SE/76.80
Indian J Public Health 1978 22(1):39-43
PDF
Surveillance at weekly markets in the smallpox eradication programme in India Basu RN, Khodakevich LN WHO/SE/77.94
Indian J Public Health 1978 22(1):44-9
PDF
Search at the weekly markets for detection of smallpox outbreaks which occurred during previous year Khodakevich LN, Narayana Rao H WHO/SE/76.82
Indian J Public Health 1978 22(1):50-5
PDF
Smallpox surveillance in remote and inaccessible areas of India Ježek Z, Arora RR, Arya ZS, Hussain Z WHO/SE/76.79
Indian J Public Health 1978 22(1):56-62
PDF
Assessment of Ladakh smallpox eradication programme activities Ježek Z, Kanth MH WHO/SE/76.81
Indian J Public Health 1978 22(1):63-74
PDF
– Assessment of smallpox eradication status in Abujmarh Bestar District, Madhya Pradesh State, India Nair CP Indian J Public Health 1978 22(1):75-81
Reinvestigation of smallpox outbreaks Ježek Z, Basu RN, Arya ZS WHO/SE/77.96
Indian J Public Health 1978 22(1):82-94
PDF
Problem of persistence of facial pock marks among smallpox patients Ježek Z, Basu RN, Arya ZS WHO/SE/77.97
Indian J Public Health 1978 22(1):95-101
PDF
Contribution to the. problem of challenge vaccination. Observations on vaccination of cured smallpox cases in India in 1971, 1972 and 1973 Zikmund V, Das N, Krishnayengar R, Kameswara Rao B WHO/SE/76.87
Indian J Public Health 1978 22(1):102-6
PDF
– Investigation of smallpox suspected cases in the final stage of Indian smallpox eradication programme Ježek Z, Basu RN, Arya ZS Indian J Public Health 1978 22(1):107-12
– Role of laboratory diagnosis in the smallpox eradication programme in India Ježek Z, Basu PN, Sehgal S, Balasubramaniam S, Arya ZS Indian J Public Health 1978 22(1):113-9
– Fever with rash surveillance in India Ježek Z, Basu RN, Arya ZS, Gupta M Indian J Public Health 1978 22(2):120-6
– Surveillance among the pavement dwellers in Calcutta and Howrath Roy GC, Ghosh NC Indian J Public Health 1978 22(2):127-33
Variolation in the Rajasthan Desert Davis C WHO/SE/77.92
Indian J Public Health 1978 22(1):134-40
PDF
Chickenpox in Kerala White E WHO/SE/76.86
Indian J Public Health 1978 22(1):141-51
PDF
1978 Efforts of Indian railways in eradication of smallpox Sinha NK Indian J Public Health 1978 22(2):210-2
1978 Assessment of immunity status of primary school children against smallpox in a rural population of Bundelkhand Kumar A, Vekma BL, Srivstava RN Indian J Pediatr 1978 45(8):255-8
1979 Reaching "target zero". The story of smallpox eradication in India WHO Chron 1979 33(10):359-63
1980 Tapping the flow of information in a rural region: The example of the smallpox eradication program in Bihar, India Morinis EA Hum Organ 1980 Summer 39(2):180-4
1980 Lessons learnt from the intensified campaign against smallpox in India and their possible applicability to other health programmes, with particular reference to eradication of dracunculiasis Sharma MID J Commun Dis 1980 12(2):59-64
1981 Vaccination against smallpox: Is it relevant now? Dutta M Indian J Pediatr 1981 48(3):257-9
2011 Lessons from smallpox eradication campaign in Bihar state and in India
Symposium: Smallpox Eradication after 30 Years: Lessons, Legacies and Innovations. Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 24-27 Aug 2010
Dutta M, Basu RN Vaccine 2010 29(11):2005-7
Reprinted in: Vaccine 2011 29(Suppl 4):D19-D21

Indonesia

Year Title Authors Source
SMALLPOX CONTROL BEFORE 1967
1968 Smallpox control in Indonesia during the second quarter of the century and re-establishment of endemic smallpox from 1947 Polak MF WHO/SE/68.1
Trop Geogr Med 1968 20(3)243-50
PDF
SMALLPOX SURVEILLANCE REPORT
1969 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 19, 7 Mar 1969
Case distribution by age and vaccination status
Smallpox unit, WHO WER 44(10):173-9 PDF
1969 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 22, 18 Apr 1969 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 44(16):265-70 PDF
1969 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 30, 5 Sep 1969 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 44(36):525-9 PDF
1970 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 40, 17 Apr 1970 Smallpox unit, WHO WER 45(16):177-85 PDF
1971 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 55, 26 Mar 1971
Transmission of smallpox in well-vaccinated populations
Smallpox unit, WHO WER 46(13):122-5 PDF
SMALLPOX ERADICATION PROGRAMME
1970 Inter-Regional Seminar on Surveillance and Assessment in Smallpox Eradication. New Delhi, India, 30 Nov - 5 Dec 1970
The establishment of an effective reporting system for smallpox in Indonesia Karyadi A WHO/SE/71.30:112-6 PDF
Is routine vaccination a necessity in a smallpox eradication programme? Koswara PA WHO/SE/71.30:117-25 PDF
The twenty years and the twenty months Arbani PR WHO/SE/71.30:126-9 PDF
Low level transmission of smallpox in a well vaccinated area, Pasar Minggu, Djakarta, Indonesia (Feb-Aug 1970) Emmet W WHO/SE/71.3:130-3 PDF
Smallpox in Djakarta Residency, 1970 Hartohusodo R WHO/SE/71.30:134-9 PDF
What went wrong in Loning? Arbani PR WHO/SE/71.30:140-4 PDF
TRAINING
Scar surveys as a tool for evaluation and supervision of the smallpox eradication programme, East Java Province, Indonesia Witjaksono SE/WP/70.26 PDF
1974 International Assessment of Smallpox Eradication in Indonesia, 15-26 Apr 1974
[papers presented at the 1970 Inter-Regional Seminar above were also presented at this meeting.]
Assignment report on smallpox eradication, Indonesia, 4-31 Aug 1973 Wehrle PF SE/WP/74.1 PDF
The smallpox eradication programme in Indonesia Setiady IF SE/WP/74.3 PDF
Indonesia 1972: Some smallpox surveillance patterns Cuboni GGO, Emmet W, Rai NK, Karyadi A, Setiady IF WHO/SE/74.63 PDF
Indonesia 1971/72: Smallpox vaccinators as surveillance workers Cuboni GGO, Emmet W, Koswara PA, Rai NK, Karyadi A, Setiady IF WHO/SE/74.66 PDF
Report of the WHO International Commission on Assessment of Smallpox Eradication in Indonesia, 25 April 1974 WHO/SE/74.68 PDF
1976 Freedom from smallpox. Case histories on four countries where cases were missed for extended periods [Brazil, Botswana, Indonesia, Nigeria] Henderson DA WHO/SE/76.85 PDF

Myanmar (Burma)

Year Title Authors Source
1968 WER. Importations. Origin: Bangladesh. Total 20 cases, 6 deaths (30%) WHO WER 19 Jul 1968 43(29):364 PDF
1968 WER. Outbreaks: Special Report WHO WER 26 Jul 1968 43(30):374 PDF
1968 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 14, 13 Dec 1968
Outbreak in Burma, Jan-Aug 1968
Smallpox unit, WHO WER 43(50):648-652 PDF
1970 Inter-Regional Seminar on Surveillance and Assessment in Smallpox Eradication, New Delhi, 30 Nov-5 Dec 1970
International cooperation in the smallpox eradication programme
[Outbreaks in Burma in 1968 and 1969]
Thaung U, Myat UA WHO/SE/71.30:104-107 PDF
1970 Strategy in national smallpox eradication programme of Burma Ko UK Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 1970 64(3):444-53
1977 Report to the International Commission for the Certification of Smallpox Eradication in Burma SEA/Smallpox/81
1977 Report of the International Commission for the Certification of Smallpox Eradication in Burma, 21-30 Nov 1977 SEA/Smallpox/83

Nepal

Year Title Authors Source
1969 Some aspects of the epidemiology of smallpox in Nepal Singh S WHO/SE/69.10
Indian J Public Health 1970 14(4):129-35
PDF
1970 Importation of smallpox cases into Nepal
Inter-Regional Seminar on Surveillance and Assessment in Smallpox Eradication. New Delhi, India, 30 Nov - 5 Dec 1970
Shrestha PN WHO/SE/71.30:108-10 PDF
1972 Inter-Country Seminar on Surveillance in Smallpox Eradication. New Delhi, India, 30 Oct - 2 Nov 1972
Present status and future plans for the smallpox eradication programme in Nepal Shrestha PN SE/WP/72.12 PDF
Development of reporting system in Nepal Shrestha PN SE/WP/72.13 PDF
1974 The smallpox eradication programme in Nepal Shrestha PN, Sathianathan M, Friedman J WHO/SE/74.71 PDF
1977 The Nepal smallpox eradication programme: Description and analysis Shrestha PN, Robinson DA, Friedman J SME/77.1 PDF
1973 Smallpox Surveillance Report No. 98, 16 Nov 1973
Importation: Nepal
Smallpox unit, WHO WER 48(46):434-8 PDF
1977 The Nepal smallpox eradication programme: Description and analysis Shrestha PN, Robinson DA, Friedman J SME/77.1 PDF
1977 Report of the International Commission for the Certification of Smallpox Eradication in Nepal, 4-13 Apr 1977 SEA/Smallpox/79
1978 Smallpox eradication in Nepal Shrestha PN WHO/SE/78.107 PDF

Thailand

Year Title Authors Source
1971 Mass campaign against smallpox in Thailand Trishnananda M Int J Dermatol 1971 10(1):29-30
1978 Report on a visit to Thailand in preparation for the certification of smallpox eradication, May 1978 Basu RN WHO/SE/78.109 PDF
1978 Smallpox eradication in Thailand. Statement to the Global Commission for the Certification of Eradication of Smallpox Min of Public Health, Govt of Thailand; WHO WHO/SE/78.113 PDF
1978 Report of the Global Commission for the Certification of Smallpox Eradication, 1st meeting, 4-7 December 1978 WHO/SE/78.132:7,21 PDF