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Conferences and Seminars

* Smallpox Eradication Program — WHO seminars and meetings on smallpox eradication, 1967-1978 (excluding those associated with certification of eradication). Participants included national programme staff and WHO smallpox advisers and other smallpox eradication staff from the regional offices and WHO Headquarters. Advisers from the regional offices in the 4 endemic regions were invited to all meetings from 1967 to 1970 and to the 1972 meeting in India.


Joint OIHP-WHO Study Group on Smallpox, 18-19 October 1948

1948. Summary report on the 2nd session of the Joint OIHP-WHO Study Group on Smallpox. WHO/Smallpox/1.
[Characters of the viruses of the smallpox group; Laboratory methods for the diagnosis of smallpox; Contagiousness of smallpox in the pre-eruptive stage; Vaccination; Vaccination against smallpox and yellow fever]

1956    20-25 Aug    Lima, Peru    Seminar on Smallpox Vaccination

Report on the [Peru] smallpox vaccination campaign carried out during the period October 1950 - December 1955. WHO/Smallpox/12.
[A de la Fuente E]

1959    19 Nov    Brazzaville, Rep. of the Congo    African Conference on Smallpox Eradication

Report of the African Conference on Smallpox Eradication. WHO/Smallpox/11.

1960    14-19 Nov    New Delhi, India    Inter-Regional Smallpox Conference

List of participants. WHO/Smallpox/17 Annex I.

Programme of work. WHO/Smallpox/17 Annex III.

Epidemiological considerations of smallpox control. SEA/SPX/Conf 3.
[R Soewondo]

Report on the smallpox vaccination campaign carried out during the period October 1950 - December 1955. WHO/Smallpox/12.
[A de la Fuente E; Paper presented at the Seminar on Smallpox Vaccination, Lima, Peru, 20-25 August 1956]

Annual report of the national anti-smallpox vaccination programme in the Republic of Colombia, 1959. WHO/Smallpox/13.

Smallpox in India as assessed from the incidence of reported smallpox cases per 100,000 population by districts. SEA/SPX/Conf 8
[LC Patnaik]

Organization of a smallpox eradication service. SEA/SPX/Conf 10.
[C Arasteh]

Local and social aspects of the smallpox eradication campaign. SEA/SPX/Conf 4.
[CG Pandit]

Educational aspects of the smallpox eradication campaign. SEA/SPX/Conf 9.
[V Ramakrishna]

Eradication vs control of smallpox. SEA/SPX/Conf 5.
[H Frederiksen]

Evaluation of smallpox vaccination programs [Evaluation des programmes de vaccination antivariolique]. WHO/Smallpox/15 and SEA/SPX/Conf 15 (not found). [English version is incomplete; French version is complete]
[R Cruickshank]

Smallpox vaccine and vaccination technique. SEA/SPX/Conf 6.
[N Ahmad]

Co-ordination of smallpox eradication campaign with other campaigns and with the general activities of the public health service. SEA/SPX/Conf 7.
[P Chandravimol]

International aspects of smallpox eradication. WHO/Smallpox/14.
[WHO Secretariat]

Report of the Inter-Regional Smallpox Conference. WHO/Smallpox/17.

1960    14-26 Nov    Yaba, Nigeria    Course on Freeze-Dried Smallpox Vaccine Production.

Freeze-dried smallpox vaccine production. WHO/Smallpox/16.
[PD Meers]

1961    6-17 Nov     Bangkok, Thailand     Course on Freeze-Dried Smallpox Vaccine Production

Freeze-dried smallpox vaccine production. WHO/Smallpox/18.
[PD Meers]

1964    14-20 Jan     Geneva, Switzerland     Expert Committee on Smallpox

1964. Draft agenda. Smallpox/WP/1.

1964. WHO Expert Committee on Smallpox. First Report.. Technical Report Series No. 283.

Review of smallpox situation in the world

1964. Review of smallpox situation in the world. Smallpox/WP/12.
[WHO Secretariat]

Epidemiology

1964. Factors involved in transmission of smallpox and duration of immunity. Smallpox/WP/7.
[CW Dixon]

1964. A study of 240 cases of haemorrhagic smallpox. Smallpox/WP/22.
[AR Rao4]

Immunology

1964. Correlation between antibody levels and vaccination reaction. Smallpox/WP/15.
[AS Benenson]

1964. Comparative study of the virus neutralising antibody levels and types of skin reaction in smallpox revaccinated persons. Smallpox/WP/25.
[IA Svet-Moldavskaya, SS Marennikova, EM Akatova-Shelukhina, ZI Ogorodnikova; Expert Committee on Smallpox, Geneva, 14-20 January 1964]

1964. The relation between potency of vaccine used in smallpox vaccination and immunity produced. Smallpox/WP/9.
[MF Polak]

1964. Immunity in relation to the number of insertions. Smallpox/WP/21.
[AS Benenson]

Laboratory aspects

1964. Laboratory aspects. Smallpox/WP/2.
[AW Downie]

1964. Bleeding and coagulation studies in smallpox and chicken-pox, Madras, India, 1962-63. Smallpox/WP/5.
[CH Kempe]

1964. The viruses of variola major, variola minor and atypical strains. Smallpox/WP/14.
[AW Downie]

Vaccines

1964. Smallpox vaccines. Smallpox/WP/10.
[C Kaplan; Expert Committee on Smallpox, Geneva, 14-20 January 1964]

1964. A comparison of vaccinia virus strains used for production in various countries. Smallpox/WP/16.
[SS Marennikova, NN Nal'ceva]

1964. The composition of genetically heterogeneous smallpox vaccines and methods of purifying them. Smallpox/WP/23.
[SS Marennikova, JZ Genden, NN Nal'ceva, FB Genkins, VI Čornos]

Chemoprophylaxis and chemotherapy

1964. Chemoprophylaxis and chemotherapy. Smallpox/WP/3.
[AW Downie, CH Kempe]

1964. The use of vaccinia hyperimmune gamma-globulin in the prophylaxis of smallpox. Smallpox/WP/4.
[CH Kempe]

1964. Hyperimmune antivaccinia gamma globulin from animal sera. Smallpox/WP/24.
[SS Marennikova, EM Akatova-Shelukhina, NN Maltseva, PB Ghenkina, VN Milushkin, FL Miniovich]

Smallpox eradication

1964. Criterion for smallpox eradication. Smallpox/WP/11.
[WHO Secretariat]

1964. The planning, organization and execution of smallpox vaccination campaign in Pakistan. Smallpox/WP/13.
[NS Haque]

1964. Planning, organization and execution of national smallpox eradication campaign in India. Smallpox/WP/19.
[KM Lal]

1964. Assessment and evaluation of the national smallpox eradication programme in different parts of India. Smallpox/WP/26.
[KM Lal]

1964. Smallpox eradication programme in Ghana. Smallpox/WP/20.
[FC Grant]

1964. Measures to be taken in case of outbreaks in countries free from smallpox. Smallpox/WP/8.
[MF Polak]

1964. International certificate of vaccination or revaccination against smallpox. Smallpox/WP/6.
[WHO Secretariat]

* 1967    11-16 Dec     Bangkok, Thailand    Inter-Regional Seminar on Smallpox Eradication

First seminar of the SEP; 13 countries of South·East Asia, Eastern Mediterranean, and Western Pacific Regions

All documents listed below:

1968    March    Traveling Seminar on Vaccine Production

A 1967 WHO survey of vaccine produced by 20 laboratories in as many countries concluded that not more than 10% of the vaccine used in endemic countries met WHO requirements. WHO's usual practice would have been to have a well-qualified consultant visit and advise the substandard vaccine producers. In this case, the need to simultaneously improve vaccine production at some 20 substandard laboratories would tax both the available consultants and the SEP's resources. Thus the Smallpox Eradication unit concluded that, to improve vaccine production rapidly, it would prepare a manual on the production of freeze-dried smallpox vaccine. It would describe the simplest possible procedures for all stages of production and testing of a potent, stable and safe vaccine.

List of participants and working papers. SE/68.3 Rev.2 Appendix 19

The resulting manual, Methodology of Freeze-dried Smallpox Vaccine Production (SE/68.3 Rev.2), was the first to describe simple and practical methods for the production and testing of freeze-dried vaccine. It contained a level of detail not provided elsewhere and was made widely available as a document of the Smallpox Eradication unit, being distributed to all laboratories interested in the production of vaccine.

1968    3-10 Apr    Rio de Janeiro, Brazil    Meeting of Regional Advisers on Smallpox Eradication

* 1968    19-26 Nov    Kinshasa, Dem. Rep. of the Congo (Zaire)    Inter-Country Smallpox Eradication Seminar

11 countries of southern and eastern Africa

* 1969    13-20 May    Lagos Nigeria     Seminar on Smallpox Eradication and Measles Control in Western and Central Africa

18 countries of western and central Africa

Provisional agenda

Recommendation.

Seminar on Smallpox Eradication and Measles Control in Western and Central Africa. Lagos, Nigeria, 13-20 May 1969. Proceedings - Part I
The SEP Report, Volume IV, Number 1. [10.5 MB]

INTRODUCTION

SMALLPOX

Seminar on Smallpox Eradication and Measles Control in Western and Central Africa. Lagos, Nigeria, 13-20 May 1969. Proceedings - Part II.
The SEP Report, Volume IV, Number 2. [17.9 MB]

MEASLES

SURVEILLANCE

INTERCOUNTRY COORDINATION

ASSESSMENT

MAINTENANCE PROGRAMMES

MEASLES

SMALLPOX

PROGRAMME OPERATIONS

Status of smallpox eradication programme, May 1969. SE/69.20

Status of smallpox eradication activities:

1969    21-23 May    Lagos Nigeria     Meeting of Regional Advisers on Smallpox Eradication

* 1969    Nov    Pakistan

11 countries of Eastern Mediterranean and South-East Asia Regions

1970    Dec    International Conference on the Application of Vaccines

Design for immunization programs in the developing countries. Report of Committee 2.
[DA Henderson (chair), R Labusquière, JD Millar, PJ N'Dow, CC Nicholson, M Rey, C Ristori, J Sulianti-Saroso]

* 1970    30 Nov-5 Dec    New Delhi, India    Inter-Regional Seminar on Surveillance and Assessment in Smallpox Eradication

* 1972    Sep    Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

4 countries of eastern Africa

1972    11-13 Oct    Bilthoven, The Netherlands    International Symposium on Smallpox Vaccine

Potency and stability characteristics of smallpox vaccine used in the smallpox eradication programme in Western and West-central Africa. WHO/SE/72.49.
[A Bernstein, MZ Bierly Jr. Also published in RH Regamey, H Cohen (eds). Symp Series Immunobiol Stand 19:157-165. 1973]

* 1972    30 Oct-2 Nov    New Delhi, India    Inter-Country Seminar on Surveillance in Smallpox Eradication

5 countries of South-East Asia Region

* 1972    14-18 Nov    Karachi, Pakistan    Training Seminar on Smallpox Eradication

4 countries of Eastern Mediterranean Region

* 1973    Sep    Addis Ababa, Ethiopia    Inter-Regional Seminar

Ethiopia and WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region smallpox eradication advisers

1973    11-13 Sep    Khartoum, Sudan    Training Seminar on Smallpox Eradication

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* 1973    11-13 Nov    Karachi, Pakistan    Training Seminar on Smallpox Eradication

Pakistan and WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region smallpox eradication advisers

1974    15-26 Apr    Indonesia    International Assessment of Smallpox Eradication in Indonesia

* 1974    Aug    India

Bangladesh, India and Nepal

* 1976    Jan    Nepal

6 countries of South-East Asia Region

* 1977    Mar    Kenya

4 countries of eastern Africa

* 1977    Sep    Kenya

5 countries of eastern Africa

* 1978    Apr    Kenya

5 countries of eastern Africa and the Eastern Mediterranean Region

1979    Oct    Nairobi, Kenya    Joint Meeting of the International Commissions for the Certification of Smallpox Eradication from the Horn of Africa and the Global Commission for the Certification of Smallpox Eradication

1981    3-5 Feb    Geneva, Switzerland    Meeting on the implementation of post-smallpox eradication policy.

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